Modiolus philippinarum   (Hanley,  1843) (Mussel)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Bivalvia

Image copyrights: Olivier Caro

Size: Maximum shell length 13 cm, commonly to 8.5 cm.

Color: Outside of shell yellowish brown. Interior pearly and off-white to purplish red.

Shell relatively thin but solid, swollen, elongate-ovate and roughly trapeziform in outline. Anterior margin short, protruding anteriorly well beyond the inflated umbones. Posterodorsal margin long, oblique in relation to ventral margin, slightly arched, forming an obtuse and rounded angle with the broadly rounded posterior margin. Ventral margin long and slightly sinuous, with a shallow concavity at about mid-length of shell. Outer surface sculptured with numerous concentric growth marks. Periostracum generally smooth. Hinge line smooth, without teeth or crenulations. Anterior adductor scar present. Internal margins smooth.

Synonym (s)
Modiola philippinarum Hanley, 1844
Modiolus (Modiolus) philippinarum Prashad, 1932

Common Name (s)
• Philippine Mussel
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, collected for food.)

Habitat:  Demersal, Muddy
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plankton


• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Orissa, Satpara INDIA (Record: 1913)
• Orissa, Barnikuda INDIA (Record: 1913)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai (Lat: 12.55) (Long: 80.18) INDIA
• Orissa, Chandipur INDIA (Record: 30/09/1984)
• Red Sea
• Persian Gulf
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin Fishing Harbour INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Havelock (Lat: 11.97) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair (Lat: 11.67) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Ross Island (Lat: 11.67) (Long: 92.77) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar (Lat: 9.17) (Long: 92.78) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Poutiers, JM (1998) Bivalves FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Volume 1: Seaweeds, corals, bivalves and gastropods FAO, Rome 1 686 pp Available at -
  • Available at -
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Surya Rao, KV and Subba Rao, NV (1991) Mollusca State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 273-362 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Manna, RN (1995) Mollusca Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilka lake ZSI, Calcutta 391-468 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajagopal, S; Venugopalan, VP; der Velde, GV and Jennerc, HA (2002) Tolerance of five species of tropical marine mussels to continuous chlorination Marine Environmental Research Elsevier 55(4) 277-291 Available at -
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Samuel, VD; Chacko, D and Edward, JKP (2005) Preliminary study on the molluscan diversity of “the lost world’’– Dhanushkodi, east coast of India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 54-58 Available at -
  • Kumar, RR; Edward, JKP and Jaikumar, M (2010) Macro benthic community structure on Tuticorin coastal waters, Gulf of Mannar,South East Coast of India World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI publications 2(1) 70-77 Available at -
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune

Page last updated on:2012-07-19

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