Pristis zijsron   Bleeker,  1851 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Elasmobranchii
Order:Pristiformes
Family:Pristidae

Image copyrights: Andy Murch / Elasmodiver.com

Description
Size: 500 cm - 730 cm TL

Color: Greenish gray to blackish brown above, white to yellowish below.

Saw long and narrow, tapering evenly towards its tip, with 25 to 32 pairs of rostral teeth. Basal pair of rostral teeth has distinctly more space than anterior pair. Trunk broad, deep and robust. First dorsal fin large and erect, distinctly behind pelvic fins; second dorsal fins sub equal with first dorsal fin.

Dieocious, internal (oviduct) fertilization, internal live bearers. Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk.


Synonym (s)
Pristis pectinata (non Latham) 1794
(Misapplied name)
Pristis zijsron Bleeker 1851
Pristis zysron Day 1878
Pristis zijsron Bleeker 1851
(Senior synonym)
Pristis zisron Bleeker, 1851
(Misspelling)
Pristis zyrson Bleeker, 1851
(Misspelling)
Pristis zysron Bleeker, 1851
(Misspelling)
Pristis zysross Bleeker, 1851
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Green Sawfish (English)
• Longcomb Sawfish (English)
• Longsnout Sawfish (English)
• Narrowsnout Sawfish (English)
• Sawfish (English)
• Green Saw Fish (English)
• Vezha (Tamil)
• Vella Sorrah (Tamil)
• Echar (Marathi)
• Komban Sravu (Malayalam)
• Vala Meen (Tamil)
• Chiruni (Bengali)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, gamefish; flesh considered tasty
Traumatogenic)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(This species has been exploited intensively, both as a target species and as incidental bycatch in commercial, sport or shark-control net fisheries and for aquarium display throughout its range.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes and shellfishes
IUCN Status:  Critically Endangered

Biogeography


• East Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Red Sea
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Compagno, LJV; Last, PR; Stevens, JD and MNR, Alava (2005) Checklist of Philippine Chondrichthyes CSIRO Marine Laboratories 104 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Arkive: Images of life on earth Available at - http://www.arkive.org/
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Raje, SG; Sivakami, S; Mohanraj, G; Manoj Kumar, PP; Raju, A and Joshi, KK (2007) An atlas on the Elasmobranch fishery resources of India CMFRI Special publication CMFRI, Cochin, India. 95 253pp Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/4056/1/Special_Publn_95.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-10

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