Anadara rhombea   (Born,  1778) (Clam)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Arcoida
Family:Arcidae

Description
Size: Length 13.61-56.50 mm; height 12.50-52.62 mm; thickness 38.90-47.72 mm

Shell rhomboidal in shape, higher than long; ligamental area broad; prominent keel at posterior part; ribs on posterior slope not nodulose.


Synonym (s)
Arca (Cunearca) rhombea Ray, 1948
Arca rhombea Born, 1780
Cunearca rhombea Ray, 1977

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Orissa, Arakuda INDIA (Record: 1985)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1986, 1987)
• Orissa, Palur Canal INDIA (Record: 1986)
• Orissa, Talburai INDIA (Record: 06/11/1962-11/11/1962)
• Orissa, Chandipur INDIA
• Orissa, Hukitola INDIA (Record: 17/03/1964)
• Orissa, Konark INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 15/11/1962)
• Orissa, Chhatrapur INDIA (Record: 24/11/1962)
• Orissa, Gopalpur INDIA (Record: 30/03/1973)
• Tamil Nadu, Coromandel Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tharangambadi INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Karachi PAKISTAN
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Mudasalodai (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 10/2007-09/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Nagapattinam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Shanmugam, A; Rajagopal, S and Nazeer, RA Common bivalves of Parangipettai coast Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Balasubramanian, T Lagoons of India Environmental Information System Centre, Envis Publication Series: 3/2001 105 pp Available at - http://aucasmbenvis.org/files/04-Publications/lagoon%20status.pdf
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Manna, RN (1995) Mollusca Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilka lake ZSI, Calcutta 391-468 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Babu, A; Kesavan, K; Annadurai, D and Rajagopal, S (2010) Abundance and diversity of by-catch molluscs from Cuddalore coast Marine Biodiversity Records Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 3 1-5 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1755267210000503
  • Samuel, VD; Chacko, D and Edward, JKP (2005) Preliminary study on the molluscan diversity of “the lost world’’– Dhanushkodi, east coast of India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 54-58 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf

Page last updated on:2013-01-03

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