Pristis pectinata   Latham,  1794 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Elasmobranchii
Order:Pristiformes
Family:Pristidae

Description
Size: 760 cm TL

Max. published weight: 350.0 kg

Color: Dark mouse gray to blackish brown above, paler along margins of fins. White to grayish white or pale yellow below

Saw long and narrow, narrowly evenly towards its tip, with 24 to 34 pairs of rostral teeth; in adults length of saw about 8.0 to 9.0 times its length. Trunk broad, deep and robust. First dorsal fin large and erect, its origin above pelvic fin origin; second dorsal fin slightly taller than first dorsal fin.

Dioecious, internal fertilization, bearers, ovoviviparous with gravid females containing about 15-20 embryos. Embryos feed solely on yolk. Gives birth in shallow bays and estuaries. Size at birth 61 cm.


Synonym (s)
Pristis acutirostris Dumeril 1865
(Junior synonym)
Pristis anandalei Chaudhuri 1908
(Junior synonym)
Pristis annandalei chaudhari 1908
Pristis annandalei Chaudhuri 1908
Pristis antiquorum (non Latham) 1794
(Misapplied)
Pristis clavata (non Garman) 1906
(Misapplied)
Pristis evermanni Fischer 1884
Pristis granulosa Bloch & Schneider 1801
(Junior synonym)
Pristis leptodon Dumeril 1865
(Junior synonym)
Pristis megalodon Dumeril 1865
(Junior synonym)
Pristis occa (Dumeril) 1865
(Ambiguous synonym )
Pristis pectinatus Latham 1794
(Senior synonym)
Pristis pectinata Latham 1794
(Senior synonym)
Pristis serra Bloch & Schneider 1801
(Ambiguous synonym)
Pristis woermanni Fischer 1884
(Ambiguous synonym)
Pristis zijsron (non Bleeker) 1851
(Misapplied)
Pristobatus occa Dumeril 1865
(Ambiguous synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Khonda Magur (Oriya)
• Smalltooth Sawfish (English)
• Smooth Tooth Sawfish (English)
• Tarry Skate (English)
• Thorny Skate (English)
• Atlantic Prickly Skate (English)
• Comb Shark (English)
• Common Sawfish (English)
• Largetooth Sawfish (English)
• Small Tooth Common Sawfish (English)
• Pectinated Saw-fish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Utilized as a food fish; oil is used to make medicine, soap and in leather tanning. Adults stuffed for decoration.
Traumatogenic)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Fishing and habitat modification.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Prey:  fishes and shellfishes
IUCN Status:  Critically Endangered

Biogeography


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Red Sea
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Compagno, LJV; Last, PR; Stevens, JD and MNR, Alava (2005) Checklist of Philippine Chondrichthyes CSIRO Marine Laboratories 104 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-10

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