Priacanthus tayenus   Richardson,  1846 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 25-35 cm.

Color: Body crimson, paler ventrally. Pelvic fins and membranes with purplish-black spots; other fins plain.

Somewhat elongate. Height about 3, 3.8 in length with caudal. Head 2.8, 3.7 in length with caudai. Eye 2.5. Snout (without lower jaw) three fifths of eye, interorbital space a little less than half eye. Mouth very oblique, lower jaw prominent. Maxillary reaching to below anterior part of eye, its width at posterior extremity one half of eye. Rather strong pointed teeth in a few rows in upper jaw, some of those near symphysis enlarged. Lower jaw with a single row of conical, somewhat curved teeth. A triangular patch of teeth on vomer, and rather smaller teeth in a single row on palatines. Praeorbital distinctly serrated along its upper and lower border. Praeoperculum serrated behind and below. A strong serrated spine, as long as pupil, at praeopercular angle. Origin of dorsal above base of pectorals. Dorsal spines gradually increasing in length posteriorly, the tenth somewhat longer than eye. Longest soft dorsal rays equal to longest anal ones and to eye and snout (without lower jaw). First anal spine not much shorter than second one, third one much stronger and longer, equal to eye. Dorsal spines feebly, anal spines distinctly serrated. Origin of anal in vertical through seventh dorsal spine. Pectorals half as long as ventrals, which are equal to head without lower jaw. Ventral spine feebly spinulose. Caudal crescentic, with the lobes produced. Least height of caudal peduncle about twice in its length and equal to postorbital part of head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Priacanthus holocentrum Bleeker, 1849
Priacanthus schmittii Bleeker, 1852
Priacanthus holocentrum Gunther, 1859
Priacanthus holocentrum Steindachner, 1861
Priacanthus tayenus Bleeker, 1876
Priacanthus holocentrum Day, 1889
Priacanthus tayenus Boulenger, 1895
Priacanthus tayenus Fowler and Bean, 1922
Priacanthus tayanus Richardson, 1846

Common Name (s)
• Purple Spotted Bigeye (English)
• Purplespotted Bigeye (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen)

Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic animals
Predator:  Sharks and rays


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Arabian Sea INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 87-729 mts)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 87-729 mts)
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kongprom, A; Khemakorn, P; Monton, E and Supongpan, M Status of demersal fishery resources in the Gulf of Thailand Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at -
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-11

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