Polydactylus plebeius   (Broussonet,  1782) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Hermosa, Jr., G.V.

Size: 30-45 cm.

Max. weight reported: 1,650 gm

Color: Golden, dusky olive brown above, scale rows each with a dark line, fins are dusky. Body with 7 or 8 prominent dark stripes along the longitudinal scale rows above lateral line and 7-9 faint stripes below.

Body oblong an slightly compressed. Snout projecting; mouth large, with small teeth in jaws, vomer and palatines. Eyes large, 3.8 to 4.0 times in head length. Pectoral fin rays unbranched, 4th or 5th pectoral filament longest, 22-40% of SL. Posterior margin of maxilla reaching to (or slightly extending beyond) level of posterior margin of adipose eyelid. Lower tip of 7th proximal pterygiophore of 1st dorsal fin directed backwards. Lateral squamation on caudal fin unbranched. Scales small, ctenoid, 60 to 65 in lateral series. Airbladder elongated, narrow and simple. Dorsal spines (total): 9-9, Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-13, Anal spines: 2, Anal soft rays: 11-12.

Synonym (s)
Polydactylus agonasi Jordan & McGregor, 1906
Polynemus commersonii Shaw, 1804
Polynemus emoi Lacepede, 1803
Polynemus lineatus Lacepede, 1803
Polynemus lydiae Curtiss, 1938
Polynemus niloticus Shaw, 1804
Polynemus plebeius Broussonet, 1782
Polynemus taeniatus Gunther, 1860
Polydactylus plebejus (Broussonet, 1782)
Polydactylus plebius (Broussonet, 1782)
Polynemus plebejus Broussonet, 1782
Trichidion plebejus (Broussonet, 1782)
Polynemus plebius Broussonet, 1782

Common Name (s)
• Common Threadfin (English)
• Polekala (Tamil)
• Barmeen (Tamil)
• Kela
• Mookkan
• Striped threadfin (English)
• Thread Fish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium, gamefish)

Habitat:  Demersal, Muddy
Prey:  Feeds on small crustaceans, fishes and other benthic organisms


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Off Calicut INDIA (Record: 1948-1953) (Depth: 3.65-14.63 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Hiroyuki, M (2004) Annotated Checklists of Fishes: Family Polynemidae Rafinesque 1815 Annotated Checklists of Fishes 32 1-18 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Venkataraman, G (1960) Studies on the food and feeding relationships of the inshore fishes off Calicut on the Malabar coast Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 7 (2) 275-306 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1898/1/Article_03.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-23

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