Conus hyaena   Hwass in Bruguiere,  1792 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Neogastropoda
Family:Conidae

Description
Size: 40-73 mm

Color: Ground colour white to bluish grey, variably overlaid with various shades of brown or yellowish orange. Axially streaked or spirally banded shells intergrade with nearly solidly coloured ones. Often, dashed or almost solid brown lines around last whorl. Larval whorls beige to pale brown. Teleoconch sutural ramps irregularly or axially streaked, matching last whorl in colouration. Aperture white to bluish white behind a translucent marginal zone, occasionally pale violet deep within. Periostracum yellowish or orangish brown to dark brown, moderately thick, opaque, with interlaced axial ridges and 10-18 widely and almost equally spaced often tufted spiral ridges on last whorl.

Medium-sized to moderately large, moderately solid to solid. Last whorl conical to ventricosely conical, sometimes approaching pyriform, outline variably convex adapically, less so or straight below, left side concave near base. Shoulder angulate to rounded. Spire of low to moderate height, outline straight to slightly concave or sigmoid. Early postnuclear whorls weakly tuberculate. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat to convex, with 2 increasing to 6-8 (occasionally to 10-11) spiral grooves, often obsolete on latest ramps. Last whorl with variably distinct wrinkled spiral ribs at base. C. h. concolor differs from C. h. hyaena in an usually straighter outline of the last whorl, a consistently angulate shoulder and a consistently low spire.

Synonym (s)
Conus concolor G. B. Sowerby II, 1841
Conus gilvus Reeve, 1849
Conus halli da Motta, 1983
Conus incarnatus Reeve, 1844
Conus kobelti Lobbecke & Kobelt, 1882
Conus mutabilis sensu Chemnitz Reeve, 1844
Conus tribunus Crosse, 1865
Conus unicolor G. B. Sowerby II, 1834

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated,Rocky,Sandy
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Errant polychaetes mainly of the family Onuphidae but also Eunicidae and Nereidae

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Colaba Coast (Lat: 18.88) (Long: 72.8) INDIA (Record: 8/11/2004) (Depth: 12 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Invertebrate zoology collections Available at - http://goode.si.edu/mcs/iz/Query.php
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mayhew, R Schooner specimen shells Available at - http://www.schnr-specimen-shells.com/
  • Franklin, JB; Fernando, SA; Chalke, BA; Krishnan, KS (2007) Radular morphology of Conus (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda: Conidae) from India Molluscan Research Magnolia Press 27(3) 111–122 Available at - http://www.mapress.com/mr/content/v27/2007f/n3p122.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-01-11

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