Plotosus canius   Hamilton,  1822 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Siluriformes
Family:Plotosidae

Description
Size: 80-150 cm.

Color: A plain dusky-brown species with a black dorsal fin tip. Shows banded pattern at night.

Snout about thrice as long as eye. Nasal barbels extending to the nape of the neck or at least two eye diameters behind hindmargin of eye. Maxillary barbels reaching a little farther, mandibulary barbels to branchial opening. Mental barbels much shorter. First dorsal as long as snout and eye, its spine about 2/5 of head, serrated on both edges. Second dorsal lower, of uniform height, similar to anal. Caudal rounded. Ventrals shorter than snout. Pectorals as long as or a little longer than first dorsal, their spine similar to that of the first dorsal. Maxillary band of teeth 3 times broader than its antero-posterior length, its conical teeth in about 3 rows, each mandibulary band semicrescentic, mesially with 4-5 rows of teeth, narrowing laterally to one row. Crescentic vomerine band, in the middle with about 4 rows of molar teeth, narrowing to two and finally to one row of teeth. About 20 gillrakers on the total first branchial arch, the 4 most ventral ones very short.

Distinguished from adult Plotosus lineatus by its long barbels on the nostrils that can reach pass the eyes.

It is venomous.


Synonym (s)
Plotosus canius Talwar, 1948
Plotosus horridus Bleeker, 1846
(Junior synonym)
Plotosus multiradiatus Bleeker, 1846
(Junior synonym)
Plotosus unicolor Valenciennes, 1840
(Junior synonym)
Potosus viviparus Bleeker, 1846
(Junior synonym)
Plotossus canius Hamilton, 1822
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Kamda (Oriya)
• Canine Cat Fish (English)
• Kan Magur (Bengali)
• Walshingala (Kannada)
• Walshingti (Kannada)
• Mushu (Malayalam)
• Vari Choongum (Malayalam)
• Nalshingali (Marathi)
• Irung Kellettee (Tamil)
• Ungilayi (Telugu)
• Eel Cat Fish (English)
• Canine catfish-eel (English)
• Varichundan mushi (Malayalam)
• Narshingala (Marathi)
• Irung-keletee (Tamil)
• Eel Catfish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, marketed mostly fresh or frozen.
Venomous)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks and fishes, Amphipods, isopods, mysids and young prawns

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Forest (Lat: 11.03) (Long: 79.78) INDIA
• Goa, Marmagao Bay INDIA
• MYANMAR
• INDIA
• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.26) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 01/2003-12/2003)
• Kerala INDIA
• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 03/1954-07/1955)
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cooum Estuary (Lat: 13.16) (Long: 80.26) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Khan, RA (2003) Fish faunal resources of Sunderban estuarine system with special reference to the biology of some commercially important species Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 1-149 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nandi, NC; Das, SR; Bhuinya, S and Dasgupta, JM (1993) Wetland faunal resources of West Bengal, I., north and south 24-Parganas districts Occasional paper no 150 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 18264
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Jayaram, KC (1982) Aid to the identification of the siluroid fishes of India, Burma, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh: Ariidae and Plotosidae Occasional paper no 37 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 14977 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Balasubramanian, T Lagoons of India Environmental Information System Centre, Envis Publication Series: 3/2001 105 pp Available at - http://aucasmbenvis.org/files/04-Publications/lagoon%20status.pdf
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (1998) Marine crabs of India National Institute of Oceanography Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Raj, PJS, Tilak, JL and Kalaimani, G (2002) Experiments in restoration of benthic biodiversity in Pulicat Lake, south India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 37-45 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Rajasegar, M and Sendhilkumar, R (2009) Finfish Resources of Karaikal,South East Coast of India World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI Publications 1 (4) 330-332 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/wjfms/wjfms1%284%2909/13.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Basheeruddin, S and Nayar, KN (1961) A preliminary study of the juvenile fishes of the coastal waters off Madras city Indian Journal of Fisheries Ernakulam, Cochin-ll, India 8 (1) 169-188 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1939/1/Article_15.pdf
  • Gopalakrishnan, V (1971) The biology of the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system (West Bengal, India) with special reference to its fisheries Journal of marine biological association of india Marine biological association of india 13(2) 182-194 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1634/2/Article_15.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Mishra, SS; Chakrabarty, M; Kar, S and Gopi, KC (2010) Catfish diversity of west Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 189-194 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Panikkar, NK and Aiyar, RG (1937) The brackish water fauna of Madras Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section B Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, India 6(5) 284-337 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-27

Back to Search