Pisodonophis cancrivorus   (Richardson,  1848) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Anguilliformes
Family:Ophichthidae

Image copyright: Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

Description
Size: 50-108 cm.

Color: Uniform brownish olive above, light yellow below, dorsal fin with a narrow black edge and a blackish spot anteriorly.

Body snake-like, cylindrical, compressed only along extreme tail tip. Anterior nostril is tubular, posterior nostril along lower edge of lip, median fins not continuous posteriorly. Extreme tip of tail is stiff and finless, dorsal fin origin over front to middle portion of pectoral fins, lateral line inconspicuous. Large individuals have wrinkled skin. Teeth molariform, multiserial on jaws, intermaxillary and vomer; dorsal fin with broad dark edge. Dorsal spines (total): 0, Anal spines: 0, Vertebrae: 155 - 159. Dorsal fin beginning above pectoral fin.

Swim by undulation of median or pectoral fins

Usually seen with just the head exposed.


Synonym (s)
Ophichthus chilkensis Chaudhuri, 1916
Ophisurus cancrivorus Richardson, 1844
Pisodonophis cancrivorus Talwar and Jhingran, 1991
Myrophis chrysogaster Macleay, 1881
(Junior synonym)
Ophichthus chilkensis Chaudhuri, 1916
(Ambiguous synonym)
Ophichthus macrochir (non Bleeker, 1853)
(Misapplied name)
Ophisurus cancrivorus Richardson, 1848
(Senior synonym)
Ophisurus nigrepinnis LiƩnard, 1842
(Ambiguous synonym)
Pisodonophis cancrivorus (Richardson, 1848)
(Senior synonym)
Pisodonophis chilkensis (Chaudhuri, 1916)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Ophisurus cancrivomer Richardson, 1848
(Misspelling)
Pisodonophis cancricorus (Richardson, 1848)
(Misspelling)
Pisodonphis cancrivorus Richardson, 1848
(Misspelling)
Pisoodonophis cancrivorus (Richardson, 1848)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Longfin Snake Eel (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Mainly animals

Biogeography


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-03

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