Pinjalo pinjalo   (Bleeker,  1850) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Hermosa, Jr., G.V.

Size: 45-80 cm.

Color: Pink or red; pelvic and anal fins yellow to pink; dorsal fin with dark margin.

Dorsal profile of head high. Inter orbital space strongly convex. Eye is relatively large with an adipose lid. Preorbital bone narrow, less than eye diameter. Snout relatively short and pointed. Pectoral fins long, reaching level of anus. Predorsal scales on top of head beginning above middle of eye. Scale rows above and below lateral line rising obliquely toward dorsal profile. Rather compressed, dorsal profile arched, ventral profile slightly convex. Height 2.3 to almost 3, 2.9-3.5 in length with caudal. Head 3.2-3.5, 4-4.4 in length with caudal. Eye 3.5-4.5, less than, equal to, or somewhat more than very convex inter orbital space. Snout three fourths of eye, equal to eye or more than eye in large specimens. Mouth oblique. Maxillary reaching slightly beyond vertical through front border of eye. First dorsal spine half as long as second. Third spine longest, about equal to post orbital part of head. Dorsal decreasing gradually in height, the last soft dorsal ray somewhat less than eye. First anal spine small, second and third sub equal, equal to snout and half eye together. Pectorals slightly less than length of head. Ventrals equal to post orbital part of head and half diameter of eye together, their origin at equal distance of origin of anal and of middle or front border of eye. Caudal slightly incised, the lobes somewhat pointed. Dorsal spines (total): 11 - 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 15, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 8-10.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Mesoprion mitchelli (Gunther, 1867)
Pinjalo typus Bleeker, 1845
Caesio pinjalo Bleeker, 1850
Odontonectes pinjalo Day, 1888
Pinjalo typus Bleeker, 1877
Pinjalo typus Jordan and Seale, 1907
Pinjalo typus Fowler, 1931

Common Name (s)
• Pinjalo Snapper (English)
• Pinjalo (English)
• Polei Oolavai (Tamil)
• Mette Mirrei (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh or frozen or dried-salted.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Prey:  Feeds on benthic and planktonic invertebrates, and possibly small fishes.


• East Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Kerala INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • James, PSBR; Lazarius, S and Arumugam, G (1994) The present status of 'Major Perch' fisheries in India Perch fisheries in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 47 1-9 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-09-08

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