Mitra paupercula   Linnaeus,  1758 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Image copyrights: cla.destino

Size: 39 mm.

Color: Blackish brown to black in color, ornamented with moderately wide-spaced, longitudinal, straight or wavy white stripes, which are either continuous or centrally interrupted on the body whorl; aperture greyish-brown, usually bluish-white near the margin, columella purple-brown, folds white. Periostracum thin, brown and moderately translucent.

Shell about 1 1/2 inches in length, elongate-ovate or ovate, solid, sutures weakly impressed and narrowly incised. Whorls 5-7, apart from a protoconch of 2 white nuclear whorls, usually smooth apart from 6-10 weak basal cords and veary fine longitudinal striae which are usually visible only under magnification. In some populations, however, the spiral cords are quite distinct and numbre from 5-9 on the penultimate whorl and become obsolete past the shoulder of the body whorl, some individuals even develop weak axial folds on the body whorl, which coincide with the white axial streaks. Aperture longer than the spire, only moderately narrow, smooth within, outer lip prominently thickened, inflected near the start but broadening anteriorly, anterior margin of outer lip occasionally with 4-9 very weak crenules, which may beterior swelling of the outer lip is variable and is either moderately weak or prominent. Tthe columella is calloused, callus more prominent anteriorly, and with 4 to 5 oblique folds, siphonal fasciole short and straight, occasionally weakly calloused, siphonal notch moderately distinct.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Poverty Miter
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • Cernohorsky, WO (1973) The Mitridae of the World Indo-Pacific Mollusca Delaware Museum of Natural History Grenville, Delaware, U.S.A 3(17) 273-528 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-07-07

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