Parupeneus indicus   (Shaw,  1803) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 28.5-45 cm.

Color: In alcohol specimens brownish with a yellow or lighter abdomen, an oval yellow spot above lateral line below and behind posterior half of first dorsal, an oval black spot in lateral line on posterior half of caudal peduncle, longitudinal stripes on second dorsal, traces of them on anal. Yellow, blue margined stripes radiating from eye and below it, which easily fade (Weber and Beaufort, 1931).
Body greenish brown to reddish brown dorsally. The scale edges narrowly dark, shading to whitish or pale pink ventrally with a nearly round black spot as large or larger than eye on side of caudal peduncle, two-thirds of which lies above the lateral line. A large, horizontally elongate yellow spot (sometimes partly white) on lateral line below interdorsal space, barbels are white. Irregular pale blue lines extending anteroventrally and dorsoposteriorly from eye, second dorsal and anal fins with irregular oblique pale blue lines. Caudal fin is yellowish gray with faint blue lines paralleling rays, peritoneum dark brown (pale brown to white in other species of the genus except Parupeneus barberinus).

Oblong, dorsal profile somewhat more convex than ventral, height below origin of first dorsal 3.50 to 3.7 in length, head about 3.3, somewhat longer than hight, its rostro-dorsal profile convex, before eye somewhat straight to slightly concave. Eye 4.50 to 4.80 in head, situated near dorsal profile, about in middle of head, one and a half time its diameter distant from hindmargin of operculum and twice its diameter distant from vertical through end of snout, its diameter somewhat shorter than convex interorbital space. Mouth oblique, mandibula enclosed, snout pointed, its length, measured from front border of eye to end of snout, much more than twice length of eye. Maxilla slightly convex behind, more than half length of eye distant from vertical through front border of eye. Barbels extending to about hind margin of praeoperculum. Gillrakers 18 on lower branch of first branchial arch, the last three rudimentary. Scales large, covering head till nostrils, wanting on praeorbital, sensory tubes of lateral line more or less arbores cent. First dorsal acute, much higher than second. First spine minute, second somewhat shorter than third and fourth, which are subequal and about 1.5 in length of head. Second dorsal and anal subequal, posteriorly emarginate, longest ray 2.3 in head, the last ray not prolonged. Pectorals about 1.25 in head, ventrals of almost similar length. Caudal shorter than head. Least height of caudal peduncle about twice in its length. Dorsal spines (total): 8 - 8, Dorsal soft rays (total): 9 - 9, Anal spines: 1, Anal soft rays: 7.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Mullus indicus Shaw, 1803
Upeneus russelli Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Upeneus indicus Richardson, 1846
Upeneus russelli Bleeker, 1849
Upeneus indicus Gunther, 1859
Upeneus indicus Bleeker, 1863
Upeneus indicus Day, 1865
Parupeneus indicus Bleeker, 1878
Upeneus indicus Gunther, 1875
Upeneus indicus Day, 1888
Upeneus indicus Fowler, 1900
Upeneus indicus Jordan and Evermann 1902
Pseudupeneus indicus Jordan and Seale, 1907
Pseudupeneus indicus Evermann and Seale, 1906
Pseudupeneus indicus Snyder, 1907
Upeneus indicus Gilchrist and Thompson, 1908
Pseudupeneus indicus Franz, 1910
Upeneus indicus Snyder, 1912
Parupeneus indicus M. Weber, 1913
Parupeneus indicus de Beaufort, 1913
Parupeneus indicus Pellegrin, 1914
Parupeneus indicus Barnard, 1927
Upeneus indicus Herre and Montalban, 1928
Upeneus indicus Fowler, 1928
Parupeneus indicus Weber and de Beaufort, 1931
Parupeneus malabaricus Weber and de Beaufort, 1931
Pseudupeneus indicus Smith, 1949
Upeneus indicus Day, 1878
Mullus russelii Cuvier, 1829
Parupenaeus indicus (Shaw, 1803)
Parupeneus malabaricus (Cuvier, 1829)
Pseudupeneus indicus (Shaw, 1803)
Upeneus griseofrenatus Kner, 1868
Upeneus indicus (Shaw, 1803)
Upeneus malabaricus Cuvier, 1829
Upeneus waigiensis Cuvier, 1829

Common Name (s)
• Yellowspot Goatfish (English)
• Indian Goatfish (English)
• Thelakanthi
• Manakkam
• Rahtee Goolivinda (Telugu)
• Kulnaveri (Tamil)
• Mussara (Tamil)
• Sen navarai
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh, gamefish, marketed fresh or frozen, flesh excellent, some considered a delicacy, Ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic invertebrates-crabs, smphipods, shrimps, polychaetes, Chiefly copepods, Acetes indicus and other small crustaceans


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Kudankulam INDIA
• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 03/1954-07/1955)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Karnataka, Netrani Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 01/2004-12/2004)
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore Coast INDIA (Record: 10/2008, 12/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-01-25

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