Pardachirus marmoratus   (Lacepede,  1802) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 20-25 cm.

Color: Olive green, with a number of indistinct rounded or irregular pale, dark edged areas, with or without a dark central spot; head, body and fins with numerous small dark spots in addition to markings.

Body oblong and flat. Eyes on right side small, separated by a space, slightly smaller than eye diameter; mouth small, curved, cleft reaching opposite front border of lower eye; lips fleshy, entire. Dorsal and anal fins separated from caudal fin; pectoral fins absent; pelvic fins asymmetrical. Scales on eyed side feebly ctenoid (rough to touch), each scale on eyed side of head with a roughened patch posteriorly but without marginal spinules; blind side smooth.

Produces a bitter toxic substance from the bases of the dorsal and anal fin rays that deters predation, even by sharks and thus may prove valuable as a shark repellent.

Synonym (s)
Achirus marmoratus Lacepede, 1802

Common Name (s)
• Finless Sole (English)
• Moses Sole (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy, Muddy
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Gastropods, shrimps and worms


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Gulf of Aden
• Gulf of Oman

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Euzen, O (1987) Food habits and diet composition of some fish of Kuwait Kuwait Bulletin of Marine Science 9 65-85 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • AlShihab, SA and AlHasan, R (1986) Preliminary studies on diatoms isolated from shrimp and fish viscera collected from Kuwaiti waters Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research 4(1) 249-257 Available at - Zoological records
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-05-26

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