Pugilina cochlidium   (Linneaus,  1758) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Image copyrights: G. & Ph. Poppe

Size: 12 cm.
Length: 33.30-82.85 mm.
Diameter: 16.00-48.60 mm.
Max height of the aperture: 24.40-59.56 mm.

Color: Yellow-brown, interior richly coloured, polished orange-brown, light brown.

Shell highly variable, pear shaped, large; spire high, acute; shoulder with tubercles; aperture ovately elongate; columella smooth; shell covered with dark brown periostracum. Protoconch of about three smooth, rounded whorls, teleoconch of about five whorls, early whorls rounded, later whorls with angulate shoulders bearing low nodules becoming low axial folds on the posterior parts of the whorls, sculptured with rough spiral cords.
There is no radula or buccal mass. The proboscis may have been modified to capture the prey and convert it into a digestible form.

Synonym (s)
Muerx cochlidium Linnaeus, 1758
Murex pugilinus Born, 1778
Volema (Pugilina) cochlidium Cernohorsky, 1972
Semifusus pugilinus Subba Rao and Mookherjee, 1975
Pugilina cochlidium Abbot and Dance, 1982

Common Name (s)
• Spiral Melongena
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Muddy, Coastal
Prey:  Bivalves


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Orissa, Kaliyugeswar INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA (Record: 12/02/1925)
• West Bengal, Saznekhali INDIA (Record: 27/03/1958)
• West Bengal, Digha INDIA (Record: 05/09/1964, 12/07/1984, 1991)
• West Bengal, Ganga Sagar INDIA (Record: 25/08/1978, 02/09/1979)
• West Bengal, Gosaba INDIA (Record: 17/09/1984)
• West Bengal, Port Canning INDIA (Record: 27/09/1984, 1991)
• West Bengal, Netidhopani INDIA (Record: 03/11/1988)
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• West Bengal, North 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Persian Gulf INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Bay INDIA
• Orissa, Balasore Bay INDIA
• Orissa, Hukitola INDIA (Record: 17/03/1964)
• Orissa, Off Paradwip INDIA (Record: 31/01/1972)
• Orissa, Kaliyugeshwar INDIA (Record: 09/03/1974)
• West Bengal, Sagar Island INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• West Bengal, Parseymari INDIA (Record: 09/11/1988)
• West Bengal, Chhota Hardi INDIA (Record: 18/09/1983)
• West Bengal, Gona INDIA (Record: 18/09/1983)
• West Bengal, Champta INDIA (Record: 11/09/1983)
• West Bengal, Saimari Khal INDIA (Record: 13/09/1983)
• West Bengal, Arbesy block INDIA (Record: 11/09/1983, 16/09/1983)

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mandal, AK and Nandi, NC (1989) Fauna of Sundarban mangrove ecosystem, West Bengal, India Fauna of Conservations 3 35431 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tan, KS and Phuah, CL (1999) Diet and feeding habits of Pugilina cochlidium (Neogastropoda: Melongenidae) in Singapore Journal of Molluscan Studies 65 (4) 499-501 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Wilson, B; Wilson, C and Baker, P (1994) Australian marine shells 2 1-370 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Manna, RN (1995) Mollusca Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilka lake ZSI, Calcutta 391-468 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Subba Rao, NV; Dey, A and Barua, S (1992) Estuarine and marine molluscs Fauna of West Bengal Part 9 (State fauna series 3) ZSI, Calcutta 129-268 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Raut, D; Ganesh, T; Murty, NVSS and Raman, AV (2005) Macrobenthos of Kakinada Bay in the Godavari delta, East coast of India: comparing decadal changes Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 62(4) 609-620 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2004.09.029
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-07-23

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