Pampus chinensis   (Euphrasen,  1788) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Stromateidae

Image copyrights: Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

Description
Size: 15-40 cm.

Color: Grayish to brownish dorsally, silvery white on sides. Covered in dark pigment spots. Fins silvery to grayish, darkest distally.

Body firm, very deep, compressed. Caudal peduncle short, deep, strongly compressed, lacking scute-like scales or fleshy keels. Snout is blunt, rounded, forehead almost straight. Eye is small, central, much shorter than snout. Mouth is small, sub terminal, curved downward posteriorly, not reaching anterior margin of eye. Upper jaw covered with skin, joined to head, not movable. Gill membranes joined to belly. Gill slit short, its lower margin slightly below pectoral-fin base. Scales very small, cycloid, and deciduous, barely extending onto fin bases. Naked patch on head and nape with well-defined network of longitudinal sensory canals, patch not extending above pectoral-fin base. Lateral line high, following dorsal profile onto caudal peduncle. Height 1.1-1.3, 1.4-1.6 in length with caudal. head 3.5-3.7, 4.4-4.9 in length with caudal. Eye with a narrow adipose eyelid, 3.6-3.8, equal to snout and 1.4-1.8 in the very convex inter orbital space. Maxillary reaching to below front border of eye. A row of slender, truncate teeth in the jaws, those of the upper jaw smaller than those of the lower. Dorsal rays rapidly decreasing in length to the tenth, more gently increasing in length to about the sixteenth, which equals the distance between snout and base of pectoral or nearly so. The following rays decreasing again in length, at first rather abruptly, then more gently, the last ray equaling eye. Hence the upper border of the dorsal is somewhat concave. Anal similar to dorsal, its origin behind that of dorsal. Pectorals pointed, equal to distance between snout and base of pectorals, in young ones the pectorals are less pointed and shorter. Caudal emarginate in young ones, slightly forked in adults. Dorsal spines (total): 0-0, Dorsal soft rays (total): 43-50, Anal soft rays: 39-42, Vertebrae: 33.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Stromateus chinensis Euphrasen, 1788
Stromateus sinensis Euphrasen, 1876
Stromateus atous Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831
Stromateus candidus Bleeker, 1865
Stromateus sinensis Day, 1878
Stromateus albus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1833
Stromateus candidus Bleeker, 1849
Stromateus sinensis Cantor, 1850
Stromateoides atokoia Bleeker, 1852
Stromateoides atous Bleeker, 1860
Stromateus atous Kner, 1867
Stromateus sinensis Vinciguerra, 1890
Stromateoides sinensis Tate Regan, 1902
Stromateus sinensis Wu, 1929
Stromateoides sinensis Giltay, 1933
Pampus sinensis Fowler, 1936
Stromateus sinensis Forster, 1795

Common Name (s)
• Gery Pomfret (English)
• Chinese Pomfret (English)
• Kafri Saranga (Marathi)
• Khalwad (Marathi)
• Rup Chanda (Bengali)
• Chinese Silver Pomfret (English)
• Paplet (Konkani)
• Mogang Vaval (Tamil)
• Karu Vaval (Tamil)
• Karappu Vavel (Tamil)
• Chanduva (Telugu)
• Dhala Chandi
• White Pomfret (English)
• Vella Awoolee (Malayalam)
• Vella vaval
• Pathu
• Kafri
• Paplet
• Pomfret (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted)

Ecology
Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Ctenophores, salps, medusae and other zooplankton

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• North Andaman Sea INDIA
• Goa, Marmagao Bay INDIA
• Goa, Aguada Bay INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Goa INDIA
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• INDIA
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.26) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 01/2003-12/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Off Kandla INDIA (Record: 1986-1987)
• Orissa, Puri INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-02-01

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