Mancinella bufo   (Lamarck,  1822) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Image copyrights: Taiwan digital archives expansion project

Size: Length 8.8-55.25 mm; diameter 11.55-42.60 mm; length of aperture 13.45-42.85 mm; length of spire 15.02-19.30 mm.

Color: Dark brown, with thin white spiral lines and white patches between the nodules, lip margin brown, deep interior cream becoming yellow near the lip margin and on the polished parietal wall and columella.

Broadly ovate, spire low, body whorls with flat spiral cords and narrow interstices which end as tiny teeth along the lip edge, four of the cords are larger than the other bearing low nodules, fasciole low and imbricate, aperture lirate, columella callosed and smooth, anal canal a distinct notch in the outer lip and bordered by a thick parietal callus.

Synonym (s)
Mancinella bufo Rippingale and Mc Micheal, 1961
Purpura bufo Lamarck, 1822
Thais (Stramonita) bufo Ray, 1977
Thais bufo Crichton, 1941
Mancinella bufo Cernohorsky, 1972
Purpura bufo Kiener, 1836
Purpura bufo Reeve, 1846
Purpura bufo Kuester, 1859
Purpura bufo Tryon, 1880
Thais bufo Gravely, 1942
Thais bufo Ray, 1948
Thais bufo Satyamurti, 1952
Thais bufo Subrahmanyam et al., 1952
Thais bufo Menon et al., 1961

Common Name (s)
• Toad Purpura
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Karnataka, Netrani Island (Lat: 14.01) (Long: 74.33) INDIA (Record: 08/05/2006) (Depth: 12 mts)
• Daman and Diu, Goghla INDIA
• Orissa, Gopalpur INDIA (Record: 12/11/1962, 29/11/1962, 15/02/1972, 31/03/1973, 1993)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Gujarat, Mandvi INDIA
• Gujarat, Kachchh INDIA
• Gujarat, Miyani INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• Gujarat, Madhi INDIA
• Gujarat, Navibandar INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Gujarat, Somnath INDIA
• Gujarat, Mangrol INDIA
• Gujarat, Kotda INDIA
• Daman and Diu, Diu INDIA
• Gujarat, Muldwarka INDIA
• Maharashtra, Devgarh INDIA
• Goa, Cavelossim beach INDIA
• Goa, Baga beach INDIA
• Karnataka, Kumta INDIA
• Karnataka, Dhareswar INDIA
• Karnataka, Surathkal INDIA
• Karnataka, St. Mary Island INDIA
• Kerala, Narakkal INDIA
• Kerala, Vypin Island INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• Kerala, Kovalam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Covelong INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam Camp INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Pithapuram INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Waltair Point INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Dolphin's Nose INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Upputeru INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam, Jalaripeta INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Rishikonda INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Bimlipatam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Surya Rao, KV (1993) Contribution to the knowledge of Indian marine molluscs: Pt. 3. Family: Muricidae Occasional paper no 153 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Wilson, B; Wilson, C and Baker, P (1994) Australian marine shells 2 1-370 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zacharia, PU; Krishnakumar, PK; Dineshbabu, AP; Vijayakumaran, K; Rohit, P; Thomas, S; Sasikumar, G; Kaladharan, P; Durgekar, RN and Mohamed, KS (2008) Species assemblage in the coral reef ecosystem of Netrani Island off Karnataka along the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 87-97 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Taiwan digital archives expansion project Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-07-06

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