Monetaria moneta   (Linneaus,  1758) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Size: Length 14.15 - 16.05 mm, height 6.50 - 8.00 mm, maximum breadth 9.65 - 12.00 mm.

Color: Yellowish or greyish white on the dorsum and pale or whitish in the margin; hump occassionally encircled with orange ring.

Shell is solid, sides much thickened with the posterior nodular swellings and with a humpy dorsum clearly demarcated by anterior and posterior depressions; teeth closest and not yet produced. They are easily distinguishable by their pentagonal shape and angulations on its lateral margins.

Synonym (s)
Cypraea moneta Linnaeus, 1758
Monetaria moneta Schilder and Schilder, 1938

Common Name (s)
• Money Cowrie (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai INDIA (Record: 16/02/1968)
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA (Record: 11/02/1975)
• Tamil Nadu, Tharangambadi INDIA (Record: 11/02/1975)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulli Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Orissa, Konark INDIA
• Orissa, Chandipur INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar Island INDIA
• Zanzibar Island TANZANIA
• Red Sea
• Persian Gulf
• Gulf of Oman
• Muscat OMAN
• Reunion Island
• Karnataka, Netrani Island (Lat: 14.01) (Long: 74.33) INDIA (Record: 08/05/2006) (Depth: -12 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Mookherjee, HP (1985) Contributions to the Molluscan fauna of India, Part III. Marine molluscs of the Coromandel coast, Palk Bay and Gulf of Mannar - Gastropoda: Mesogastropoda (Part-2) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no. 75 ZSI, Calcutta 93 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zacharia, PU; Krishnakumar, PK; Dineshbabu, AP; Vijayakumaran, K; Rohit, P; Thomas, S; Sasikumar, G; Kaladharan, P; Durgekar, RN and Mohamed, KS (2008) Species assemblage in the coral reef ecosystem of Netrani Island off Karnataka along the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 87-97 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Available at -
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Soemodihardjo, S (1965) Notes on the radula of some species of Cypraeidae Marine Research in Indonesia Lembaga Penelitian Laut Djakarta, Indonesia 7 39838 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gulbin, VV and Evseev, GA (1997) Intertidal Prosobranch Gastropods of Vietnam Galaxea Ryukyus University, Japan 13(2) 157-166 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-09-06

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