Nematalosa nasus   (Bloch,  1795) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Clupeiformes
Family:Clupeidae

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Description
Size: 22 cm.

Color: Blue-green or grey on the back and silvery on the sides with a dark spot on the shoulder behind the gill opening. All the fins except the dorsal are yellowish

The body is oval, deep, compressed and its belly is round and has a sharp keel of scutes. Its depth is 1/3rd of standard lenght. The fins include a single dorsal with 12-15 rays, an anal fin with 19-22 branched rays, pelvic fins with 8 rays and a forked caudal. The last dorsal ray is filamentous and there is a detached spine present close to each pelvic fin. The scales are relatively large and their hind edges are toothed. There is also a double series of overlapping pre-dorsal scales.
Maxillary reching below the anterior part of the eye. Dorsal nearer to base of caudal than to snout, its origin nearer to end of snout, half as high as body, acute, emarginate, its last ray thickened and setiform in adults, reaching caudal. Anal 4-4½ mm in length. Ventrals opposite to middle of dorsal, their origin nearer to anal than to suboperculum. Pectorals about as long as head, nearly reaching to ventrals. Caudal scaly, deeply incised, 4-4 2/5 mm in length. Scales with or without transverse lines, their hindmargin serrated. About 30 keeled spiniferous abdominal scutes, 9-10 of which are post-ventral. About 140 short gillrakers. Silvery, above greenish, with indistinct brown longitudinal lines running along the rows of scales.

Dioecism, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.


Synonym (s)
Chatoessus altus Gray, 1834
(Ambiguous synonym)
Chatoessus chrysopterus Richardson, 1846
(Ambiguous synonym)
Chatoessus nasus (Bloch, 1795)
(Senior synonym)
Clupanodon nasica Lacepede, 1803
(Junior synonym)
Clupea nasus Bloch, 1795
(Senior synonym)
Clupea nasus Bloch, 1795
Dorosoma nasus Bleeker, 1872
Dorosoma nasus (Bloch, 1795)
(Senior synonym)
Nematalosa nasus (Bloch, 1795)
(Senior synonym)
Nematalosus nasus (Bloch, 1795)
(Misspelling)
Nematolosa nasus (Bloch, 1795)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Blochs Gizzard Shad (English)
• Pananjaulay (Malayalam)
• Suthara Koiya (Sinhala)
• Poykkendi (Tamil)
• Muddu Candai Koimeen (Tamil)
• Koi Min (Tamil)
• Bloch's Gizzard Shad (English )
• Hairback (English)
• Noonah (Malayalam)
• Koi Meen (Malayalam)
• Noorah (Malayalam)
• Balangi (Oriya)
• Balango (Oriya)
• Kome (Oriya)
• Koi Meen (English)
• Poykkendai (Tamil)
• Muddu Candai (Tamil)
• Muddukhandai (Tamil)
• Kome (Telugu)
• Long Ray Bony Beam (English)
• Palli
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; marketed fresh, dried-salted or boiled. Made into fish balls)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Prey:  Diatoms, non-annelids worms, plantonic copepods, other planktonic invertebrates and debris

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Coast, Malabar (Lat: 10) (Long: 76.25) INDIA
• Gulf of Aden
• Gulf of Oman
• West Coast PAKISTAN
• SRI LANKA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1985-1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA (Record: 09/2001-05/2002)
• Tamil Nadu, Ramanathapuram INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Gujarat, Jakhau-Babber Creek (Lat: 23.5) (Long: 68.6) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek (Lat: 23.45) (Long: 68.48) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Bensan, P (1986) Early developmental stages of some marine fishes from India 1. Nematalosa nasus, Sardinella clupeoides, S. fimbriata, S. sirm and S. albella Umila Mer 24(1) 33-41 Available at - NCL, Pune (ASFA Records)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Balasubramanian, T Lagoons of India Environmental Information System Centre, Envis Publication Series: 3/2001 105 pp Available at - http://aucasmbenvis.org/files/04-Publications/lagoon%20status.pdf
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Gupta, V and Fatima, S (1981) 3 Acanthocephalan parasites of fishes Rivista di Parassitologia 42(3) 443-450 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at - http://www.iobis.org/
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Wright, JM (1988) Recruitment patterns and trophic relationships of fish in Sulaibikhat Bay, Kuwait Journal of Fish Biology 33(5) 671-687 Available at - Zoological records
  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Brinda, S; Srinivasan, M and Balakrishnan, S (2010) Studies on Diversity of Fin Fish Larvae in Vellar Estuary, Southeast Coast of India World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (1) 44-50 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/wjfms/wjfms2%281%2910/9.pdf
  • Tampi, PRS (1959) The ecological and fisheries characteristics of a salt water lagoon near Mandapam Journal of marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 1(2) 113-130 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1393/1/Tampi_113-130.pdf
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1634/2/Article_15.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Nair, PVR; Luther, G and Adolph, C (1965) An ecological study of some pools near Mandapam (South India) formed as a result of the cyclone and tidal wave of 1964 Journal of the marine biological associaiton of India The marine biological association of India 7(2) 420-439 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Saravanakumar, A; Rajkumar, M; Serebiah, JS and Thivakaran, GA (2009) Fishery resources in arid zone mangroves in gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, northwest coast of India Journal of Ocean University of China Springer 8(3) 233-240 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11802-009-0233-3
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-03

Back to Search