Nematalosa nasus   (Bloch,  1795) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Size: 22 cm.

Color: Blue-green or grey on the back and silvery on the sides with a dark spot on the shoulder behind the gill opening. All the fins except the dorsal are yellowish

The body is oval, deep, compressed and its belly is round and has a sharp keel of scutes. Its depth is 1/3rd of standard lenght. The fins include a single dorsal with 12-15 rays, an anal fin with 19-22 branched rays, pelvic fins with 8 rays and a forked caudal. The last dorsal ray is filamentous and there is a detached spine present close to each pelvic fin. The scales are relatively large and their hind edges are toothed. There is also a double series of overlapping pre-dorsal scales.
Maxillary reching below the anterior part of the eye. Dorsal nearer to base of caudal than to snout, its origin nearer to end of snout, half as high as body, acute, emarginate, its last ray thickened and setiform in adults, reaching caudal. Anal 4-4½ mm in length. Ventrals opposite to middle of dorsal, their origin nearer to anal than to suboperculum. Pectorals about as long as head, nearly reaching to ventrals. Caudal scaly, deeply incised, 4-4 2/5 mm in length. Scales with or without transverse lines, their hindmargin serrated. About 30 keeled spiniferous abdominal scutes, 9-10 of which are post-ventral. About 140 short gillrakers. Silvery, above greenish, with indistinct brown longitudinal lines running along the rows of scales.

Dioecism, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Synonym (s)
Chatoessus altus Gray, 1834
(Ambiguous synonym)
Chatoessus chrysopterus Richardson, 1846
(Ambiguous synonym)
Chatoessus nasus (Bloch, 1795)
(Senior synonym)
Clupanodon nasica Lacepede, 1803
(Junior synonym)
Clupea nasus Bloch, 1795
(Senior synonym)
Clupea nasus Bloch, 1795
Dorosoma nasus Bleeker, 1872
Dorosoma nasus (Bloch, 1795)
(Senior synonym)
Nematalosa nasus (Bloch, 1795)
(Senior synonym)
Nematalosus nasus (Bloch, 1795)
Nematolosa nasus (Bloch, 1795)

Common Name (s)
• Blochs Gizzard Shad (English)
• Pananjaulay (Malayalam)
• Suthara Koiya (Sinhala)
• Poykkendi (Tamil)
• Muddu Candai Koimeen (Tamil)
• Koi Min (Tamil)
• Bloch's Gizzard Shad (English )
• Hairback (English)
• Noonah (Malayalam)
• Koi Meen (Malayalam)
• Noorah (Malayalam)
• Balangi (Oriya)
• Balango (Oriya)
• Kome (Oriya)
• Koi Meen (English)
• Poykkendai (Tamil)
• Muddu Candai (Tamil)
• Muddukhandai (Tamil)
• Kome (Telugu)
• Long Ray Bony Beam (English)
• Palli
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; marketed fresh, dried-salted or boiled. Made into fish balls)

Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Prey:  Diatoms, non-annelids worms, plantonic copepods, other planktonic invertebrates and debris


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Coast, Malabar (Lat: 10) (Long: 76.25) INDIA
• Gulf of Aden
• Gulf of Oman
• West Coast PAKISTAN
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1985-1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA (Record: 09/2001-05/2002)
• Tamil Nadu, Ramanathapuram INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Gujarat, Jakhau-Babber Creek (Lat: 23.5) (Long: 68.6) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek (Lat: 23.45) (Long: 68.48) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-01-03

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