Strombus canarium   Linnaeus,  1758 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Littorinimorpha
Family:Strombidae

Description
Color: Whitish or cream colored, marked throughout with fine, close-set, irregularly wavy, transpiral, brownish or orange brown lines; the columella or and interior of aperture white.

Shell large and massive; body whorl is much broader than the height of the shell; spire short but the apex is sharp and pointed. The surface of the shell is smooth and glossy, uppermost whorls of the spire are finely spirally grooved; expansion of outer lip is broad, wing-like, its edge standing out at a distance away from the inner border of the aperture. The whorls are smoothly rounded near the upper part.


Synonym (s)
Laevistrombus canarium (Linnaeus, 1758)
(Senior Synonym)
Laevistrombus turturella (Roding, 1798)
(Junior Synonym)
Strombus isabella Lamarck, 1822

Common Name (s)
• Dog Conch
• Yellow Conch
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(They are used to make toys and dolls as figures of birds, human beings etc. by gluing the shells together. Rings made out of shells are worn on fingers by some people in Tamil Nadu and in chains in Malabar and Kanara.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 06/2005-05/2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Ramanathapuram INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vaan Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Koswari Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Hare Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 07/2005-06/2006)
• INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban (Lat: 9.29) (Long: 79.21) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • Serebiah, JS; Stella, C and Kadhar, AA (2008) Assessment of benthos in the subtidal area of Thondi (Palk Bay), southeast Tamilnadu- GIS based explication Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamilnadu, India 30 279-296 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Mayhew, R Schooner specimen shells Available at - http://www.schnr-specimen-shells.com/
  • Sundaram, KS (1974) Edible gastropods The Commercial molluscs of India, CMFRI Bulletin CMFRI 25 54-62 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/644/1/ks_sundaram.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Mohanraj, J; Johnson, JA; Ranjan, R; Johnson, L; Pandi, U and Shunmugaraj, T (2010) Coral reef associated gastropods in Tuticorin coast of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve, India Indian Journal of Science and Technology Indian Society for Education and Environment 3(2) 204-206 Available at - http://indjst.org/archive/vol.3.issue.2/feb10johnson-23.pdf
  • Samuel, VD; Chacko, D and Edward, JKP (2005) Preliminary study on the molluscan diversity of “the lost world’’– Dhanushkodi, east coast of India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 54-58 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Anbuchezhian, R; Ravichandran, S; Serebiah, JS and Nobi, EP (2010) Geographic information system based assessment of benthic macrofauna in Thondi coastal area, south east coast of India World Journal of Zoology International Digital Organization for Scientific Information 5 (3) 172-182 Available at - www.idosi.org/wjz/wjz5(3)10/6.pdf
  • Rao, KS (1974) Other commercial molluscs The commercial molluscs of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 25 141-151 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/654/1/ksrao2.pdf
  • Jones, S (1969) The molluscan fishery resources of India Proceedings of the Symposium on Mollusca CMFRI 906-918 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2371/1/Article_26.pdf
  • Satyamurti, ST (1952) The Mollusca of Krusadai island in the Gulf of Mannar I- Amphineura and Gastropoda Bulletin of the Madras Government 1(2) 265 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2013-02-05

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