Mystus gulio   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: JJPhoto

Size(male): 46.0 cm TL.

Dioecious, external fertilization, oviparous.

Synonym (s)
Aorio gulio Prashad & Mukherji, 1929
Aspidobagrus gulio Bleeker, 1862
Bagrus abbilbaris Fuscus, 1839
Bagrus gulio Bleeker, 1850
Macrones gulio Day, 1877
Mystus(Mystus) gulio Jayaram, 1954
Mystus gulio Hora, 1939
Pimelodus gulio Hamilton, 1822
Pimelodus gulio Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822
Aoria gulio (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Aspidobagrus gulio (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Bagrus albilabrus Valenciennes, 1840
(Junior synonym)
Bagrus gulio Valenciennes, 1840
(Junior synonym)
Bagrus gulio (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Macrones gulio (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Mystus gulio (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Pimelodus gulio Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Pseudobagrus gulio (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Long Whiskered Catfish (English)
• Mana Ankutta (Sinhala)
• Jella (Telugu)
• Kontia
• Gulaya
• Long-whiskered Catfish (English)
• Kala-tenguah (Hindi)
• Chinkada (Kannada)
• Kadel-kelithi (Malayalam)
• Vella-koorai (Malayalam)
• Sengati (Marathi)
• Shingati (Marathi)
• Kontia (Oriya)
• Uppangkeletee (Tamil)
• Irung-kelutti (Tamil)
• Katta-keluthi (Tamil)
• Nai-keluthi (Tamil)
• Uppang-kelettee (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  fish eggs/larvae (Chanos chanos larvae), detritus and other benthic invertebrates
Predator:  Finfish (Channa punctata)


• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.65) (Long: 87.63) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1985-1987)
• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal, Digha Mohana (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Ghazi, SMA (2001) Trichodina canningensis sp. n. (Ciliophora: Trichodinidae) from an Indian estuarine fish, Mystus gulio (Hamilton) (Bagridae) Acta Protozoologica 40 147-151 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Menon, AGK (1999) Checklist: Fresh water fishes of India Occasional paper no. 175 ZSI, Kolkata 366 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Jayram, KC and Sanyal, A (2003) A taxonomic revision of the fishes of the genus Mystus Scopoli (family Bagridae) Occasional paper no 207 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 1-136 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Khan, RA (2003) Fish faunal resources of Sunderban estuarine system with special reference to the biology of some commercially important species Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 1-149 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (1995) Hugali Matla estuary: West Bengal ZSI, Kolkatta 1-542
  • Nandi, NC; Das, SR; Bhuinya, S and Dasgupta, JM (1993) Wetland faunal resources of West Bengal, I., north and south 24-Parganas districts Occasional paper no 150 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 18264
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Asmat, GSM and Halder, DP (1998) Trichodina mystusi, a new species of trichodinid ciliophoran from Indian estuarine fish, Mystus gulio (Hamilton) Acta Protozoologica 37(3) 173-177
  • Dey, S and Baqri, Q H (1986) Five new species of Dorylaimoidea (Dorylaimidae: Nematoda) nematodes from West Bengal. XXI Indian Journal of Helminthology (N. S.) 3(2) 43-58
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Raj, PJS, Tilak, JL and Kalaimani, G (2002) Experiments in restoration of benthic biodiversity in Pulicat Lake, south India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 37-45 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bijukumar, A and Sushama, S (2000) Ichthyofauna of Ponnani estuary, Kerala Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 42(1&2) 182-189 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gopalakrishnan, V (1971) The biology of the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system (West Bengal, India) with special reference to its fisheries Journal of marine biological association of india Marine biological association of india 13(2) 182-194 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Manna, B and Goswami, BCB (1985) A check-list of marine and estuarine fishes of Digha, West Bengal, India Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 18(4) 489-499 Available at -
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at -
  • Nair, PVR; Luther, G and Adolph, C (1965) An ecological study of some pools near Mandapam (South India) formed as a result of the cyclone and tidal wave of 1964 Journal of the marine biological associaiton of India The marine biological association of India 7(2) 420-439 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mishra, SS; Chakrabarty, M; Kar, S and Gopi, KC (2010) Catfish diversity of west Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 189-194 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, SR and Nandi, NC (2004) Oxbow lake environment and management of Ichhamati river basin, West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 81-90 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-01

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