Mystus cavasius   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Khan, MM

Size: 40 cm

Weight : 10 kg

Color: Grayish with a more or less well-defined midlateral longitudinal stripe. A dark spot emphasized by a white or pale area along its ventral margin is just anterior to the first dorsal spine. Dorsal, adipose and caudal fins shaded with melanophores.

Elongated and compressed body. Its depth is 1/4th of standard length. Head is conical. Median longitudinal groove is present on head that extends to base of occipital process. Mouth is terminal in position. Villiform teeth are present on jaws and vomerine. 4 pairs of barbels are present out of which maxillary barbels extend close to the base of caudal fin. Dorsal spine is weak and feebly serrated. Adipose fin is large and caudal fin is forked.

Dioecious, oviparous, distinct pairing and external fertilization.

Synonym (s)
Aoria cavasius Hora, 1923
Bagrus cavasius Valenciennes, 1839
Pimelodus seengtee Trans, 1841
Aoria cavasius (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Bagrus cavasius (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Hypselobagrus nigriceps (Peters, 1868)
Macrones cavasius (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Macrones nigriceps Peters, 1868
Mystus cavasius (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Mystus keletius (non Valenciennes, 1840)
(Misapplied name)
Mystus mukherjii Ganguly & Datta, 1975
(Junior synonym)
Mystus rhegma (non Fowler, 1935)
(Misapplied name)
Pimelodus cavasius Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Pimelodus seengtee (non Sykes, 1839)
(Misapplied name)
Mystus cavassius (Hamilton, 1822)
Pimelodus seengtee Sykes, 1839

Common Name (s)
• Dwarf Catfish (English)
• Naii Kirle (Kannada)
• Solai Kelunthi (Tamil)
• Shongate (Marathi)
• Khirkirya (Marathi)
• Katirna (Marathi)
• Ngaseph (Manipuri)
• Kotti (Malayalam)
• Singarah (Assamese)
• Gulia (Bengali)
• Kabasi Tengra (Bengali)
• Tengra (Bengali)
• Gangetic mystus (English)
• Kala Tenguah (Hindi)
• Kavasi (Hindi)
• Palwa (Hindi)
• Shingta (Hindi)
• Shingti (Hindi)
• Tenguah (Hindi)
• Girlu (Kannada)
• Nai Kirle (Kannada)
• Koorie (Malayalam)
• Guntea (Oriya)
• Kontia (Oriya)
• Kinger (Punjabi)
• Cutta (Tamil)
• Cutta Vellai Keletee (Tamil)
• Solai Kelunti (Tamil)
• Vazhappu (Tamil)
• Vazhuppukeletee (Tamil)
• Nai Kelunti (Tamil)
• Vellakelettee (Tamil)
• Muti Jhella (Telugu)
• Nahara Jella (Telugu)
• Thella Jella (Telugu)
• Barsingarah (Assamese)
• Tengra
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1985-1987)
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• West Bengal, Bangaon, Ichhamati River INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Manimekalan (1998) The fishes of Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary, Tamilnadu, south India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 95(3) 543
  • Menon, AGK (1999) Checklist: Fresh water fishes of India Occasional paper no. 175 ZSI, Kolkata 366 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Dutt, S; Sharma, SV and Desoutter, M (1982) On the taxonomic position of Mystus cavasius (Hamilton-Buchanam, 1822) vis- a-vis M. nigriceps (Valenciennes, 1839) Cybium-3E-Ser 6(4) 27-30
  • Jayram, KC and Sanyal, A (2003) A taxonomic revision of the fishes of the genus Mystus Scopoli (family Bagridae) Occasional paper no 207 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 1-136 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Karmakar, AK and Datta, AK (1988) On a collection of fish from Bastar district, Madhya Pradesh Occasional paper no 98 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 18264 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Nandi, NC; Das, SR; Bhuinya, S and Dasgupta, JM (1993) Wetland faunal resources of West Bengal, I., north and south 24-Parganas districts Occasional paper no 150 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 18264
  • Fauna of Tripura (part-1) vertebrates ZSI, Kolkata 365 pp
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (2001) Sanctuary Asia natural history species: Species checklist: Birds Sanctuary Asia Sanctuary Magazine Available at -
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at -
  • Job, TJ; David, A; Das, KN (1955) Fish and fisheries of the Mahanadi in relation to the Hirakud dam Indian Journal of Fisheries The Editorial Committee, India Journal of Fisheries for the Minister of Food and Agriculture Government of India 2(1) 1-36 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, SR and Nandi, NC (2004) Oxbow lake environment and management of Ichhamati river basin, West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 81-90 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-01

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