Myripristis murdjan   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Beryciformes
Family:Holocentridae

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Description
Size: 28-60 cm TL.

Color: Body color is silvery pink and edge of scales are red, opercular margin is black, all fins are red. Submarginal band is in each caudal fin lobe, leading edges of median fins are white.

Height 2.1-2.7, 2.7-3.5 in length with caudal. Head 2.5-3.2, 3.4-4.4 in length with caudal. Eye 2-2.5. Interorbital space twice or less in eye, 3.2-5 in length of head, comparatively narrower in older specimens than in young ones. Snout equal to or less than half eye. Maxillary reaching to below hindborder of eye or not so far, with or without denticulations near the posterior edge of its lower border, sometimes present at one side and absent in the other in the same specimen. Two groups of stout truncate teeth anteriorly on lower jaw near symphysis. Outer row of teeth of upper jaw enlarged and rounded, especially a group at same distance from symphysis. No teeth on tongue. Origin of dorsal separated by 7 to 9 scales from occiput. Third and fourth dorsal spine subequal, longer than the others, equal to eye or somewhat longer, less than twice as long as spine of second dorsal. Third anal spine stronger, but generally not much longer than fourth one, equal to eye or somewhat shorter. Pectorals longer than ventrals, about equal to head without snout. Ventral spine much longer than that of pectoral, equal to or longer than eye. Least height of caudal peduncle more than half eye. Gillrakers long, slender, numerous. Inner pectoral axil with numerous small scales. Dorsal spines (total): 11-11, Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-15, Anal spines: 4, Anal soft rays: 11-14.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.
Nocturnal species. Feeds mainly on plankton such as crab larvae.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Myripristis axillaris Valenciennes, 1831
(Junior synonym)
Myripristis berndti (non Jordan & Evermann, 1903)
(Misapplied)
Myripristis bowditchae Woods, 1953
(Junior synonym)
Myripristis intermedius Gunther, 1874
(Junior synonym)
Myripristis maculatus Steindachner, 1861
(Junior synonym)
Myripristis melanophrys Swainson, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Myripristis parvidens Cuvier, 1829
(Junior synonym)
Myripristis seychellensis (non Cuvier, 1829)
(Misapplied name)
Ostichthys murdjan (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Ostichthys parvidens (Cuvier, 1829)
(Junior synonym)
Perca murdjan Forsskal, 1775
(Senior synonym)
Perca murdjan Bloch, 1801
Perca murdjan Lacepede, 1802
Myripristis murdjan Ruppell, 1831
Myripristis violaceus Bleeker, 1851
Myripristis parvidens Bleeker, 1873
Myripristis microphthalmus Bleeker, 1852
Myripristis adustus Bleeker, 1853
Myripristis murdjan Gunther, 1859
Myripristis murdjan Kner, 1867
Myripristis murdjan Klunzinger, 1870
Myripristis murdjan Bleeker, 1873
Myripristis murdjan Gunther, 1875
Myripristis murdjan Klunzinger, 1884
Myripristis murdjan Vaillant, 1887
Myripristis botche Day, 1888
Myripristis murdjan Sauvage, 1891
Myripristis murdjan Seale, 1901
Myripristis murdjan Steindachner, 1902
Myripristis murdjan Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Myripristis murdjan Jordan and Seale, 1906
Myripristis murdjan Evermann and Seale, 1907
Myripristis murdjan Steindachner, 1906
Myripristis murdjan Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Myripristis murdjan Tanaka, 1911
Myripristis microphthalmus Kendal and Radcliffe, 1912
Myripristis parvidens M. Weber, 1913
Myripristis adustus de Beaufort, 1913
Myripristis murdjan Jordan and Starks, 1917
Myripristis murdjan Barnard, 1925
Myripristis murdjan intermedia Gunther, 1874
Sciaena murdjan Forsskal, 1775

Common Name (s)
• Soldier Fish (English)
• Blotcheye Soldier (English)
• Blotcheye Soldierfish (English)
• Crimson Soldierfish (English)
• Big Eye Soldierfish (English)
• Pinecone Soldierfish (English)
• Bigeye Squirrelfish (English)
• Black Tipped Soldier Fish (English)
• Kannankaduva (Malayalam)
• Perumkanni (Malayalam)
• Small-Eyed Squirrelfish (English)
• Black-tipped squirrel-fish (English)
• Puna kanni
Economic Importance and Threats
(Fisheries, marketed fresh, aquarium, Ornamental fish
Causes ciguatera poisoning)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Prey:  Plankton- crab larvae

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Red Sea
• Persian Gulf
• Gulf of Oman
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.81) INDIA (Record: 12/2005-11/2006) (Depth: 12-30 mts)
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Tinnakara INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Off South West Coast INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1968) (Depth: 10-75 mts)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2011-10-14

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