Nerita chamaeleon   Linnaeus,  1758 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Cycloneritimorpha
Family:Neritidae

Image copyrights: Eddie Hardy

Description
Color: Animal is light grayish with black lines. Color is highly variable; ranging from black and white to a combination of 2 or more shades of gray, brown, orange, and red in random arrays of spiral bands, wavy blotches, or axial bands. Operculum grayish with small granules over entire outer surface.

Shell with numerous raised smooth spiral ribs and very fine indistinct axial sculpturing; spire low. Periostracum thin, straw-colored. Parietal shield white with several small pustules and ridges on side adjoining body whorl.
Columellar edge with 2-4 small teeth on center part. Outer lip dentate, usually with 1 distinctly larger tooth at upper corner.

Similar species: Nerita histrio

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Chamaeleon Nerita
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• SINGAPORE
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Mohan, JM (1978) Ecological studies on the fauna associated with economic seaweeds of south India-1. species composition, feeding habits and interrelationships Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Tamil Nadu 3 17 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gulbin, VV and Evseev, GA (1997) Intertidal Prosobranch Gastropods of Vietnam Galaxea Ryukyus University, Japan 13(2) 157-166 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Tan, SK and Clements, R (2008) Taxonomy and distribution of the Neritidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in Singapore Zoological Studies 47(4) 481-494 Available at - http://zoolstud.sinica.edu.tw/Journals/47.4/481.pdf
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-30

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