Minous monodactylus   Bloch & Schneider,  1801 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: John E. Randall

Size: 8.5-15 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens yellowish, lighter below, with broad, brown, longitudinal bands running from head to caudal, converging to upper half of base of that fin. Tips of dorsal spine dark, soft dorsal with a dark blotch anteriorly and sometimes others on rest of fin. Anal with a dark border. Caudal with indications of dark transverse bands. Pectorals and ventrals dark, especially in their outer halves.

Height 2.5-3, 3.5-4 in length with caudal. Head 2.2-2.3, 3 in length with caudal, its depth 1.3-1.4 in its length. Eye 3.7-4.4, 1.2-1.3 in snout and equal to or somewhat more than concave interorbital space. Mouth oblique, maxillary reaching to below frontborder of eye. Villiform teeth in narrow bands in jaw and in a curved transverse bands on vomer. Anterior nostril with a short tube, posterior nostril with a low rim. Anterior orbital rim elevated, with 4 or 5 fan like, diverging ridges ending in blunt spines, the inner one of these ridges continued as supraorbital ridge which has a number of blunt spines, increasing in length posteriorly. Two low parallel longitudinal ridges on interorbital space, continued as superior postorbital ridges which enclose a pit behind eyes in their anterior part, ending in a compressed spine behind origin of dorsal. inferior postorbital ridge with three large recumbent spines, each of which bears a number of small spinules. Preorbital with a short blunt spine directed downwards and backwards. Suborbital ridge denticulated, ending posteriorly in a number of fan like diverging ridges, one of these ending above the preopercular spine which is longer than the long preorbital one, and another ridge ending in the smaller spine on preopercular border below the main spine. Three more small spines on lower preopercular border. A short tentacle on lower jaw before corner of mouth. Two diverging ridges on opercle. Origin of dorsal behind hind border of preopercle. First and second dorsal spine diverging, of equal size and as long as snout. Following spines slightly increasing in length, the longest half eye longer than the first. Anterior dorsal rays the longest, almost equal to snout and eye. Anal lower than soft dorsal, both fins rounded, their rays simple. Pectorals slightly longer than head, the detached ray as long as snout and eye. Ventrals about as long as head without snout. Caudal rounded. About 16 tubes in the lateral line, the 6 or 7 anterior ones free posteriorly, forming small tentacles. Lateral line running high, posteriorly along base of soft dorsal.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Minous monodactylus Day, 1878
Minous monodactylus Weber and de Beaufort, 1962
Scorpaena monodactylus Bloch, 1801
Apistus minous Cuvier, 1828
Minous woora Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Minous monodactylus Bleeker, 1849
Corythobatus woora Cantor, 1850
Minous monodactylus Gunther, 1860
Corythobatus monodactylus Bleeker, 1865
Minous monodactylus Day, 1875
Minous monodactylus Bleeker, 1879
Minous monodactylus Machan, 1930
Minous monodactylus Tortonese, 1936
Minous monodactylus Fowler, 1938
Minous monodactylus Matsubara, 1943
Minous monodactylus Blegvad, 1944
Minous monodactylus Munro, 1955
Minous adamsii Richardson, 1848
Minous blochi Kaup, 1858
Minous echigonius Jordan & Starks, 1904
Minous oxycephalus Bleeker, 1876
Minous woora Cuvier, 1829
Scorpaena biaculeata Kuhl & van Hasselt, 1829
Scorpaena monodactyla Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Common Name (s)
• Grey Goblin Fish (English)
• Grey Stingfish (English)
• Gray Goblin Fish (English)
• Lore
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; marketed fresh in small quantities; also dried and salted.)

Habitat:  Demersal


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Day, F (1981) The fishes of Malabar 1-281 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at - http://www.eol.org/
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Raj, PJS (2006) Macro fauna of Pulicat lake NBA bulletin No.6 NBA Available at - http://www.nbaindia.org/docs/bulletin6-pulicatlake.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-29

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