Megalops cyprinoides   (Broussonet,  1782) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Elopiformes
Family:Megalopidae

Description
Size: 30-150 cm.

Weight: 18.0 kg.

Color: Darkish blue-green dorsally, silvery below. Dorsal, caudal and upperpart of pectorals black, rest of fins hyaline.

Body is fusiform and compressed, with smooth, unkeeled belly. Mouth is superior; upper jaw extending almost to hind border of eye. Lower jaw prominent projects beyond snout, a bony gular plate present between the jaw bones. Last fin ray of dorsal long and filamentous, ventrally located pectoral fins, abdominal pelvic fins with 9 or more rays. Branchiostegals more than 23. Scales large. Maxillary reaches to a little before or somewhat behind hindborder of eye. Origin of dorsal misway between snout and base of caudal, or a little nearer to caudal, nearly twice as high as long, its upperborder concave and its last ray produced into a filament. Anal concave, much longer than dorsal. Ventrals below dorsal, their origin before that of dorsal and midway between anal and origin of pectorals. Villiform teeth on jaws, vomer, palatines, pterygoids and tongue. About 30 flattened gillrakers with the innerside spinulous, a third longer than branchial filaments, about 3/5 of eye. Dorsal spines (total): 0, Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-21, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 23-31. Predaceous, feeding mainly on fish and crustaceans (Refs. 5213; 10982). Breeds offshore in the sea, possibly throughout the year. Known to breath air, rising regularly to the surface to do so. The swimbladder is modified for this purpose. Cultured in ponds, the fry being sourced from the coasts. Utilized fresh and also for its roe.

Dioecious with external fertilization. Larvae are transparent and resemble larval eels, but with a forked tail.

Can tolerate oxygen-poor water by `breathing' air into a lung-like air bladder.

Age: 44 years.


Synonym (s)
Brisbania staigeri Castelnau, 1878
(Junior synonym)
Clupea cyprinoides Broussonet, 1782
(Senior synonym)
Clupea thrissoides Bloch & Schneider, 1801
(Junior synonym)
Cyprinodon cundinga Hamilton, 1822
(Junior synonym)
Elops cundinga (Hamilton, 1822)
(Junior synonym)
Elops cyprinoides (Broussonet, 1782)
(Senior synonym)
Megalops cundinga (Hamilton, 1822)
(Junior synonym)
Megalops curtifilis Richardson, 1846
(Junior synonym)
Megalops filamentosus Lacepede, 1803
(Junior synonym)
Megalops indicus Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Megalops macrophthalmus Bleeker, 1851
(Junior synonym)
Megalops macropterus Bleeker, 1866
(Junior synonym)
Megalops oligolepis Bleeker, 1866
(Junior synonym)
Megalops setipinnis Richardson, 1843
(Junior synonym)
Magalops cyprinoides (Broussonet, 1782)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Indo Pacific Tarpon (English)
• Broussonet Tarpon (English)
• Bunpis (English)
• Oxeye (English)
• Oxeye Tarpon (English)
• Bastard Mullet (English)
• Tarpon (English)
• Ten Pounder (English)
• Alanku (Kannada)
• Velathan (Malayalam)
• Nanchil (Malayalam)
• Cunnay (Malayalam)
• Palankanni (Malayalam)
• Valathan (Malayalam)
• Vadas (Marathi)
• Chirai (Marathi)
• Morua (Tamil)
• Moran Kendai (Tamil)
• Rackan (Tamil)
• Mooran Kendai (Tamil)
• Morankendai (Tamil)
• Kudinga (Telugu)
• Kundinga (Telugu)
• Paniackiya (Telugu)
• Punnikowa (Oriya)
• Vorsa (Oriya)
• Bonefish (English)
• Ox Eye Herring (English)
• Paniakhia
• Indo-Pacific tarpon (English)
• Ker (Konkani)
• Tarpen (English)
• Menna
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish, marketed fresh, dried and salted. Cultured in ponds, the fry being sourced from the coasts. Edible but not esteemed. Utilized fresh and also for its roe.)
Cultured:  Yes

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Plants, nekton, fishes and benthic crustaceans
Predator:  Acrochordus arafurae (Snake, family: Acrochordidae)

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1985-1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove INDIA (Record: 04/1980-03/1982)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Kerala, Vembanad Kol INDIA
• Goa, Salcete INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA (Record: 09/2001-05/2002)
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Ramanathapuram INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cooum Estuary (Lat: 13.16) (Long: 80.26) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-02-27

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