Lutjanus vitta   (Quoy & Gaimard,  1824) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 26-40 cm.

Color: Generally whitish or pinkish body with a yellowish brown to black stripe on the middle of the side.

Dorsal profile of head moderately sloped. Preorbital width about equal to eye diameter. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Height 2.6-3, 3.4-3.6 in length with caudal. Head 2.5-2.7, 3.2-3.4 in length with caudal. Eye 4.2-4.4, 1.4-1.6 in snout and somwhat more than slightly convex inter orbital space. Mouth slightly oblique. Maxillary reaching to below anterior half of eye. Narrow bands of small teeth in the jaws, with an outer series of distant caninoids or canines, two of which in the anterior part of the upper jaw are fang-like. Small teeth in a triangular patch on head of vomer, with or without a posterior prolongation. Anterior part of head naked. Scales beginning above middle of eye. Temporal region scaly. About 7 to 8 transverse rows of scales on preoperculum. Preopercular limb scaleless in its posterior part. Hind and lower border of preoperculum rather strongly denticulated in half-grown specimens, merely rough in old ones. Preopercular notch shallow. Longitudinal rows of scales running obliquely and ascending to dorsal profile above the lateral line, parallel to the axis of the body below it. About 65 transverse rows of scales above lateral line and about 60 rows below it. First dorsal spine somewhat less than half length of second. Third s[pine longest, equal to postorbital part of head. Following spines decreasing gradually in length to the last. Soft dorsal slightly rounded, less high than spinous dorsal. First anal spine half length of second, which is as long as third or a little longer and equal to distance between hind margin of eye and posterior nostril. Anal somewhat rounded, its longest than anal spines. Pectorals equal to distance between hind border of operculum and posterior nostril. Ventrals as long as post orbital part of head and half eye, ventrals spine equal to snout. Caudal slightly emarginate. Dorsal spines (total): 10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 8-9.

Dioecious with external fertilization

Age: 12 years

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Serranus vittta Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
Serranus vitta Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Serranus vitta Richardson, 1845
Diacope vitta Temminck and Schlegel, 1850
Mesoprion phaiotaenia Bleeker, 1852
Mesoprion vitta Gunther, 1859
Lutjanus vitta Bleeker, 1863
Mesoprion enneacanthus Kner, 1865
Mesoprion vitta Playfair, 1866
Lutjanus vitta Bleeker, 1873
Lutjanus vitta Day, 1888
Lutjanus vitta Bleeker, 1877
Mesoprion vitta Macleay, 1882
Lutjanus vitta Steindachner and Doderlein, 1883
Mesoprion vitta Nystrom, 1887
Mesoprion enneacanthus Perugia, 1889
Lutianus vitta Rutter, 1897
Lutianus vitta Jordan and Seale, 1907
Lutianus vitta Seale and Bean, 1908
Lutianus vitta Seale, 1910
Lutianus vitta Jordan and Thompson, 1911
Lutianus vitta Jordan, Tanaka and Snyder, 1913
Lutianus vitta Jordan and Starks, 1917
Lutjanus vitta Fowler and Bean, 1922
Lutjanus vitta Fowler, 1931

Common Name (s)
• Brownstripe Red Snapper (English)
• Brownstripe Snapper (English)
• Olive Striped Snapper (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium, marketed fresh or frozen)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Prey:  Fishes, shrimps, crabs and other benthic invertebrates


• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (1994) The effect of artificial reef installation on the biosocioeconomics of small scale fisheries in Ranong province, Thailand Bay of Bengal Programme Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Raj, PJS (2006) Macro fauna of Pulicat lake NBA bulletin No.6 NBA Available at -
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kizhakudan, SJ; Nair, KVS and Zala, MS Demersal Finfish Resources of Gujarat Sustainable fisheries development: Focus on Gujarat 57-66 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-07-12

Back to Search