Lutjanus malabaricus   (Bloch & Schneider,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 48-100 cm.

Weight: 7,910 gm

Color: In preserved specimens light reddish above, more or less silvery below, with darker stripes following the longitudinal rows of scales on body and tail. A margaritaceous vertical band at end of caudal peduncle, widening superiorly, may be present. Fins light reddish. Dorsal and caudal with a narrow black margin. Membrane between second and third anal spine dusky, continued as a faint marginal band along anterior soft rays. Axil of pectoral dark, concealed by the fin.

Dorsal profile of head steeply sloped. Preorbital bone much broader than eye diameter. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Juveniles with a broad, oblique band of brown or black, from upper jaw to beginning of dorsal fin. A prominent black band runs across the caudal peduncle with a pearly-white border. Height 2.2-2.3, 2.8 in length with caudal. Head 2.6-2.7, 3.2-3.3 in length with caudal. Eye 4-4.4, 1.3-1.7 in snout and almost equal to or somewhat convex inter orbital space. Mouth somewhat oblique. Maxillary reaching to below front border of eye. A few rows of small teeth in the jaws, with an outer row of enlarged caninoid ones. Small teeth on vomer in a ^ shaped or in a triangular patch. Palatine teeth small, in a few rows. Anterior part of head naked. Scales beginning on occiput behind eye. Temporal region naked. Seven transverse rows of scales on preoperculum. Inferior and posterior preopercular limb without scales. Posterior and inferior preopercular border denticulated. Preopercular notch shallow, receiving the well developed interopercular knob. Longitudinal rows of scales above lateral line and superior rows below lateral line oblique, ascending to dorsal profile, the lower ones on sides and belly parallel to the axis of the body. About 58-63 transverse rows of scales above and about 50-55 rows below lateral line. Dorsal spine rather stout. The first about half length of second, which is shorter than third. Third and fourth spine longest, equal to post orbital part of head. Soft dorsal pointed, The median rays much longer than the others, much longer than spine and as long as snout and eye together. First anal spine much less than half length of second, which is longer and stronger than third and equal to snout. Soft anal pointed, the median rays much longer than the others and than anal spines, equal to snout and eye or a little shorter. Pectorals almost as long as head. Ventrals about as long as snout and eye or half diameter of eye. Ventral spine equal to snout or somewhat longer. Caudal very slightly emarginate, almost truncate when expanded. Dorsal spines (total): 11-11, Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 8-9.

Dioecious with external fertilization.

Age: 31 years

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Sparus malabaricus Schneider, 1801
Mesoprion dodecacanthus (Bleeker, 1853)
Diacope timoriensis Quoy and Gaimard, 1824
Diacope calveti Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1828
Mesoprion malabaricus Cuvier and Valenciennes
Mesoprion malabaricus Gunther, 1859
Lutjanus dodecacanthus Bleeker, 1865
Lutjanus malabaricus Day, 1888
Lutjanus dodecacanthus Day
Lutjanus malabaricus Bleeker, 1877
Lutjanus malabaricus Fowler and Bean, 1922
Lutjanus malabaricus Fowler, 1931
Lutianus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Lutjanus dodecacanthus (Bleeker, 1853)
Lutjanus malabarius (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Common Name (s)
• Malabar Bloodsnapper (English)
• Malabar Snapper (English)
• Malabar Blood Snapper (English)
• Malabar red-snapper (English)
• Seppili
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish, marketed fresh or frozen)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Prey:  Nekton, fishes and benthic crustaceans


• Goa, Marmagao Bay INDIA
• Goa, Aguada Bay INDIA
• Gulf of Oman
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.26) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 01/2003-12/2003)
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 11.65) (Long: 79.9) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 40-60 mts)
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 13.91) (Long: 80.38) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 40-60 mts)
• Gujarat INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Kerala, Off Travancore Coast INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
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  • Ansari, ZA; Sreepada, RA; Dalal, SG; Ingole, BS and Chatterji, A (2003) Environmental influences on the trawl catches in a bay-estuarine system of Goa, west coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 56(3-4) 503-515 Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
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  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Kizhakudan, SJ; Nair, KVS and Zala, MS Demersal Finfish Resources of Gujarat Sustainable fisheries development: Focus on Gujarat 57-66 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • James, PSBR; Lazarius, S and Arumugam, G (1994) The present status of 'Major Perch' fisheries in India Perch fisheries in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 47 1-9 Available at -
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Page last updated on:2012-01-16

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