Lutjanus lunulatus   (Park,  1797) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 18-35 cm.

Color: Ground color grey-brown, yellow along ventral surface; dorsal fin greyish or dusky; caudal fin with a prominent black lunate marking; anal, pelvic and pectoral fins yellow.

Dorsal profile of head steeply sloped. Preorbital width about equal to eye diameter. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Height 2.7, 3.3 in length with caudal. Head 2.7, 3.3 in length with caudal. eye 4.2, 1.6 in snout and more than slightly convex inter orbital space. Mouth somewhat oblique. Maxillary reaching to below front border of pupil. Narrow bands of teeth in the jaws, with an outer series of enlarged ones, two of which in the front part of the upper jaw are canines, those on sides of lower jaw larger than those in front. Small teeth on vomer in a ^ shaped patch. Teeth on palatines small, in an elongate band. Head naked anteriorly. Preorbital rugose. Scales beginning on occiput with a distinct oblique band behind hind border of eye. Six or seven rows of scales on preoperculum. Inferior preopercular limb naked. Hind border and lower border of preoperculum denticulate. Preopercular notch very shallow. Longitudinal rows of scales above lateral line oblique, ascending to dorsal profile, those below lateral line parallel to axis of body. About 56 transverse rows of scales above and 49 rows of scales below lateral line. Dorsal spine not very strong. First spine half as long as second, which is not much shorter than third. Third and fourth spine longest, scarcely as long as post orbital part of head. Soft dorsal rounded, about of equal height as spinous part. First anal spine less than second, Which is stronger and longer than third and somewhat more than diameter of eye. Soft anal somewhat rounded, deeper than spinous part. Pectorals half length of snout shorter than head. Ventrals as long as post orbital part of head and half eye together. Ventral spine less than snout. Caudal emarginate. Dorsal spines (total): 10-10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 8-9.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Perca lunulata Park, 1797
Mesoprion lunulatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1828
Diacope bitaeniata Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Diacope bitaeniata Quoy and Gaimard, 1834
Mesoprion lunulatus Bleeker, 1860
Lutjanus lunulatus Day, 1888
Lutjanus lunulatus Bleeker, 1877
Lutjanus lunulatus Fowler, 1931
Mesoprion caudalis Valenciennes, 1830

Common Name (s)
• Lunartail Snapper (English)
• Crescent Snapper (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Prey:  Zoobenthos


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 01/2004-12/2004)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Khan, SA; Ramesh, S and Lyla, PS (2008) Diversity of coral reef fishes in cuddalore waters, south-east coast of India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 55(3) 221-226 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-28

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