Lutjanus lemniscatus   (Valenciennes,  1828) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Lutjanidae

Description
Size: 13-65 cm.

Color: Body pink or mauve; head (sometimes body) flecked with golden spots and short bars which may fade after death, fins red or pink. Generally gray-brown or olive on the upper portion of the back and head, grading to whitish ventrally. The dorsal and caudal fins are dusky brown or black, frequently with a narrow white posterior margin. The anal, pelvic and pectoral fins are whitish with some dusky brown.

Dorsal profile of head steeply sloped, snout profile slightly concave. Preorbital bone usually much greater than eye diameter, at least in large specimens. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Height 2.6-2.7, 3.3 in length with caudal. Head 2.6-2.7, 3.3 in length with caudal. Eye 3.9-4.1 in snout and more than inter orbital space.

Maxillary reaching to below middle of eye. Small teeth in narrow bands in the jaws, with an outer series of enlarged ones, some of which are canines. Teeth on vomer in a bent, narrow band, forming an obtuse angle, those on palatines in narrow bands. Temporal region naked. Scales beginning on occiput behind eye. Seven transverse rows of scales on preoperculum. Posterior and inferior limb of preoperculum naked. Hind and lower border of preoperculum denticulate.

Preopercular notch very shallow. Longitudinal rows of scales above lateral line running obliquely and ascending to dorsal profile, parallel to axis of body below it. Fourth dorsal spine longest, as long as post orbital part of head. soft dorsal somewhat rounded, higher than spinous part. Pectorals half length of snout shorter than head. Ventrals equal to head without snout. Caudal slightly emarginate. Dorsal spines (total): 10-10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 8.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Serranus lemniscatus Valenciennes, 1828
Lutjanus janthinuropterus (Bleeker, 1852)
Lutianus furvicaudatus Fowler, 1904
Lutianus janthinuropterus (Bleeker, 1852)
Lutjanus melanotaenia Bleeker, 1873
Lutjanus lemniscatus Day, 1888
Lutjanus lemniscatus Bleeker, 1877
Lutjanus melanotaenia Bleeker, 1863
Mesoprion immaculatus Cuvier, 1828
Mesoprion janthinuropterus Bleeker, 1852
Serranus lemniscatus Valenciennes, 1828

Common Name (s)
• Yellow Strecked Snapper (English)
• Yellowstreaked Snapper (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans, fishes and variety of benthic invertebrates

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Wright Myo INDIA (Record: 04/02/1989)
• Karnataka, Netrani Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (1993) Further new records of fishes from Bay Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 9(1&2) 50-57 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Thomas, S; Sreeram, MP; Kakati, VS; Manisseri, MK and George, RM (2011) Coral fish diversity in Netrani waters off Murudeshwar Karnataka, south India Indian journal of fisheries CMFRI 58(1) 45-51 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8473/1/IJF_Sujitha_45-51.pdf
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-08

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