Lutjanus kasmira   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 25-40 cm.

Color: Generally yellow with abrupt transition to white on lower on-third, a series of 4 blue stripes on yellow portion of body; black spot sometimes present on back below middle of dorsal fin; fins yellow, upper pectoral rays slightly dusky.

Body robust, dorsal profile of head steeply sloped. Preorbital width usually greater than eye diameter, but sometimes less in small specimens. Preopercular notch and knob well developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Height 2.6-3, 3.2-3.6 in length with caudal. Head 2.4-2.9, 3-3.4 in length with caudal. Eye 3-3.7, equal to or somewhat less than snout. Inter orbital space scarcely convex, 1.3-1.4 in eye. Mouth slightly oblique. Maxillary reaching to below front border of pupil. Teeth in the jaws in narrow bands, with an outer series of distant caninoid ones. Teeth on vomer and palatines small, the former arranged in a ^ shaped patch teeth in a narrow band. Anterior part of head naked. Scales beginning above middle or anterior border of eye. Temporal region scaly Suborbital sometimes scaly. Seven transverse rows of scales on preoperculum, not counting about two rows of scales on lower preopercular limb. The posterior preopercular limb is also scaled. Hind and lower border of preoperculum strongly denticulated. Preopercular notch deep, receiving the well-developed inter opercular knob. Longitudinal rows of scales above lateral line running obliquely and ascending to dorsal profile, those below lateral line parallel to the axis of the body. About 70-80 transverse rows of scales above and 60-65 rows below lateral line. Dorsal spines rather strong. First dorsal spine half length of second, which is shorter than third. Third or fourth and fifth spines longest, equal to or somewhat shorter than post orbital part of head. Following spines gradually decreasing in length. Soft dorsal slightly rounded, less high than spinous part. First anal spine much less than one half of second, which is stronger and longer than third and equal to snout or to snout and half eye together. Soft anal truncate or slightly rounded, the longest rays about equal to third spine. Pectorals half length of snout shorter than head. Ventrals as long as eye and snout or a little less. Ventral spine equal to post orbital part of head. Caudal emarginate, the lobes more or less pointed. Dorsal spines (total): 10-10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-15, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 7-8.

Dioecious with external fertilization. Eggs are smooth, spherical and transparent. The eggs hatch in about 18 hours at 22.3 to 25°C. Before hatching, melanophores are seen along the dorsal side and on the postero-ventral part of the embryonal body. Breeds in late summer season in sea.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportion.

Synonym (s)
Lutjanus spilurus Fowler, 1931
Holocentrus quinquelinearis Bloch, 1790
Diacope octolineata Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1828
Diacope notata Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1828
Diacope decemlineata Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Mesoprion octolineatus Bleeker, 1849
Genyoroge bengalensis Gunther, 1859
Evoplites pomacanthus Gill, 1862
Mesoprion bengalensis Kner, 1865
Lutjanus pomacanthus Bleeker, 1868
Genyoroge amboinensis Day, 1870
Diacope kasmira Klunzinger, 1870
Lutjanus bengalensis Bleeker, 1873
Mesoprion bengalensis Gunther, 1873
Lutjanus quinquelineatus Bleeker, 1875
Lutjanus bengalensis Day, 1888
Diacope octolineata Cuvier, 1828
(Ambiguous synonym)
Lutjanus bengalensis Bleeker, 1877
Genyoroge bengalensis Macleay, 1881
Mesoprion kasmira Klunzinger, 1884
Lutjanus kasmira Day, 1889
Diacope octolineata Sauvage, 1891
Evoplites kasmira Jordan and Evermann, 1898
Lutjanus (Genyoroge) kasmira Steindachner, 1902
Evoplites decemlineatus Fowler, 1904
Lutjanus quinquelineatus Evermann and Seale, 1906
Lutjanus kasmira Jordan and Thompson, 1911
Lutjanus kasmira Snyder, 1912
Lutjanus kasmira M. Weber, 1913
Lutjanus quinquelinearis Regan, 1916
Lutjanus kasmira Snyder, 1912
Lutjanus quinquelinearis Jordan and Starks, 1917
Lutjanus kasmira McCulloch, 1919
Lutjanus kasmira Fowler and Bean, 1922
Lutjanus kasmira Barnard, 1927
Lutjanus kasmira Fowler, 1928
Lutjanus notatus McCulloch, 1929
Mesoprion etaape Lesson, 1831
(Junior synonym)
Mesoprion pomacanthus Bleeker, 1855
(Ambiguous synonym)
Perca lineata Gronow, 1854
Sciaena kasmira Forsskal, 1775
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Blue Striped Snapper (English)
• Blubanded Snapper (English)
• Common Bluestripe Snapper (English)
• Angarua
• Blue Banded Snapper (English)
• Reendumas (Mahl)
• Manhan (Malayalam)
• Veri Keechan (Tamil)
• Blue and Yellow Snapper (English)
• Common Blue Strip Snapper
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish, aquarium, marketed fresh or frozen, ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Prey:  Crustaceans, molluscs, fishes, shrimps, crabs, stomatopods, cephalopods


• Arabian Sea
• Gulf of Oman
• Persian Gulf
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 01/2004-12/2004)
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore Coast INDIA (Record: 07/2008-09/2008, 12/2008)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2011-10-19

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