Lutjanus bohar   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Lutjanidae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: 90-91.5 cm.

Weight: 12.5 kg.

Color: In preserved specimens dark reddish-brown, lighter and more or less silvery below. Two large margaritaceous blotches on back, one below 8th dorsal spine, the other below last dorsal soft rays, dis-appearing with age. Scales of body and tail with white spots, forming oblique rows above, and horizontal rows below lateral line. Dorsal, especially distal half of spinous part, dark reddish-brown. Anal more or less reddish-brown, especially in the anterior part of the soft portion of the fin, the first ray of which has a white border. Caudal light brownish, with a more or less distinct dark longitudinal band on the upper and lower lobe, bordered at the outside with a narrow white stripe. Pectorals yellowish, the superior part often darker and more or less violet-brown. Distal part of ventrals dark violet-brown, with the spine and the first ray white.

Snout somewhat pointed. Dorsal profile of head rounded. Preorbital bone relatively broad; its width usually greater than eye diameter. A deep groove or pit runs from the nostrils to the front of the eye. Preopercular notch and knob moderately developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Young and some adults with two silvery-white spots on back. Large adults mostly plain red. Height 2.5-2.8, 3.1-3.4 in length with caudal. head 2.6-2.7, 3.2-3.4 in length with caudal. Eye 3.5-4.3, 1.3-1.5 in snout and somewhat more or less than almost flat inter orbital space. Mouth somewhat oblique. Maxillary reaching to below front border of pupil. Small teeth in rather narrow bands in the jaws, with an outer series of enlarged ones, those on side of lower jaw and especially two teeth in front part of upper jaw still larger and fang like. Small teeth on vomer in a triangular patch and on palatines in an elongate oval patch. Head naked anteriorly. Scales on occiput beginning behind eye with a distinct oblique band, widely separated in the median line and from the scales behind by a scaleless region. Eight transverse rows of scales on preoperculum. Inferior and posterior preopercular limb naked. Inferior and posterior border of preoperculum finely denticulate. Preopercular notch shallow. Longitudinal rows of scales above lateral line oblique, ascending to dorsal profile, those below parallel to the axis of the body. About 60-66 transverse rows of scales above and 50-53 rows below lateral line. Dorsal spines moderately strong. First spine equal to or less than half length of second, which is shorter than third. Third and fourth spines of equal length, about as long as snout. Soft dorsal rounded, less high than spinous part. First anal spine equal to or less than half length of second, which is generally stronger but not much longer than third and about equal to post orbital part of head. Soft anal slightly rounded, the longest rays somewhat more than second spine. Pectorals about half length of snout shorter than head. Ventrals as long as post orbital part of head or one half diameter of eye longer. Ventral spine scarcely longer than snout. Caudal emarginate. Dorsal spines (total): 10-10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 8.

Age: 13 years

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Sciaena bohar Forsskal, 1775
Lutjanus coatesi Whitley, 1934
Lutianus bohar (Forsskal, 1775)
Diacope quadriguttata Cuvier, 1828
Lutianus bobar (Forsskal, 1775)
(Misspelling)
Lutjanus bohar Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Lutianus nukuhivae Seale, 1906
Diacope bohar Ruppell, 1828
Mesoprion quadriguttata Bleeker, 1851
Mesoprion bohar Gunther, 1859
Mesoprion bohar Playfair, 1866
Diacope bohar Klunzinger, 1870
Mesoprion bohar Gunther, 1875
Lutjanus bohar Day, 1888
Lutjanus bohar Bleeker, 1877
Mesoprion bohar Klunzinger, 1884
Lutianus bohar Fowler, 1899
Lutianus lepisurus Fowler, 1904
Lutianus bohar Barnard, 1927
Lutjanus bohar Fowler, 1928
Diacope labuan Montrouzier, 1857
Lutjanus rangus (Cuvier, 1828)
Mesoprion rangus Cuvier, 1828
Mesoprion rubens Macleay, 1882
Sciaena bohar Forsskal, 1775
Sparus lepisurus Lacepede, 1802

Common Name (s)
• Red Snapper (English)
• Two Spot Red Snapper (English)
• Rymas
• Pulariam
• Twinspot Snapper (English)
• Two-spot Snapper (English)
• Paruthi Manni
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish, marketed fresh or frozen)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Prey:  Zoobenthos, fishes, shrimps, crabs, stomatopods, amphipods, gastropods and urochordates

Biogeography


• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• MYANMAR
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Karnataka, Netrani Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at - www.coralcay.org
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  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Ohman, M; Rajasuriya, A and Olafsson, E (1997) Reef fish assemblages in north western Sri Lanka: Distribution patterns and influences of fishing practises Enviornmental Biology of Fishes Kluwer Academic Publishers 49 45-61
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
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  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Thomas, S; Sreeram, MP; Kakati, VS; Manisseri, MK and George, RM (2011) Coral fish diversity in Netrani waters off Murudeshwar Karnataka, south India Indian journal of fisheries CMFRI 58(1) 45-51 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8473/1/IJF_Sujitha_45-51.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-19

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