Lutjanus biguttatus   (Valenciennes,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

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Size: 15-26.6 cm.

Color: Generally dark brown of the upper part of the head and body with a broad white horizontal band immediately below. The lower part of the head and body dusky brown with a suffusion of yellow. A pair of white spots is on the back just below the dorsal fin base.

Height 3.5-3.8, 4.2-4.6 in length with caudal. Head 2.7-2.9, 3.3-3.4 in length with caudal. Eye 3.5-3.7, 1.1-1.2 in snout and somewhat less than scarcely convex inter orbital space. Mouth somewhat oblique. Maxillary reaching to below anterior half of pupil. A few rows of small teeth in the jaws, with an outer series of distant caninoid ones, those in front part of upper jaw and sides of lower jaw larger and more or less fang-like. Smaller teeth on vomer in a triangular patch, with a short posterior prolongation. A few rows of small teeth on palatines. Preorbital and suborbital smooth, with many pores. Six transverse rows of scales on preoperculum. Lower and posterior preopercular limb naked. Hind and lower border of preoperculum denticulated. Preopercular notch slightly developed. Anterior part of head naked. Scales beginning above middle of eyes. Temporal region scaly. Longitudinal rows of scales above lateral line running obliquely and ascending to dorsal profile, those below lateral line parallel to the axis of the body. About 58 transverse rows of scales above and about 54 below lateral line. Dorsal spines slender. First spine one third of second or a little longer. Second shorter than third, third somewhat shorter than fourth spine, which is longer and equal to post orbital part of head. Following spines decreasing in length to the last, which is somewhat more than half length of second and scarcely shorter than penultimate one. Soft dorsal slightly rounded, less high than spinous dorsal. First anal spine about one third of second and third spines, which are sub-equal and as long as eye. Soft anal truncate, the longest rays longer than the anal spines. Pectorals somewhat longer than head without snout. Ventrals slightly more than eye and snout together. Ventral spine equal to snout. Caudal slightly emarginate. Dorsal spines (total): 11-11, Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-12, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 8.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Serranus biguttatus Valenciennes, 1830
Mesoprion lineolatus Bleeker, 1849
Mesoprion bleekeri Gunther, 1859
Epinephelus biguttatus Bleeker, 1865
Lutjanus biguttatus Day, 1888
Lutjanus biguttatus Bleeker, 1873
Lutjanus biguttatus Fowler, 1931
Lutianus biguttatus (Valenciennes, 1830)
Mesoprion bleekeri Gunther, 1859
Mesoprion elongatus Hombron & Jacquinot, 1853
Serranus biguttatus Valenciennes, 1830

Common Name (s)
• Two Spot Banded Snapper (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Prey:  Fishes and crustaceans


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at -
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • poppeimages Available at -
  • James, PSBR; Lazarius, S and Arumugam, G (1994) The present status of 'Major Perch' fisheries in India Perch fisheries in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 47 1-9 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-09-08

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