Lophiomus setigerus   (Vahl,  1792) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: CSIRO

Max. size: 40.0 cm TL

Color: Light to dark brown above, lighter below; dorsal surface frequently mottled; all fin rays with pale tips.

Head and anterior part of body much depressed and very broad, posterior portion of body tapering. Head bearing numerous sharp spines on dorsal and lateral surfaces; humeral spines (in front of pectoral fin bases) well developed, with 2 or 3 smaller spines arising from sides; inner and outer sphenotic spines (behind eyes) well developed; frontal ridges (running forward from eyes) rough; gill openings below and behind pectoral fin bases; floor of mouth with a distinct irregular reticular pattern. First dorsal fin consisting of 3 isolated spines on head (cephalic spines) and a group of 3 short slender spines behind head (post-cephalic spines); first cephalic dorsal fin spine modified into an angling apparatus bearing a fleshy bait (esca) consisting of a pennant-like flap and short cirri; second cephalic dorsal fin sine stout and darkly pigmented; second soft dorsal fin with 8 rays; anal fin with 6 rays; pectoral fins with 21 to 25 rays. Peritoneum variable, usually dusky, light or dark extremes rare.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers, oviparous.

Synonym (s)
Chirolophius laticeps Ogilby, 1910
Chirolophius malabaricus Samuel, 1963
Lophiomus longicephalus Tanaka, 1918
Lophius indicus Alcock, 1889
Lophius setigerus Vahl, 1797
Lophius viviparus Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Common Name (s)
• Blackmouth Angler (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Benthic, Demersal
Prey:  Zoobenthos-mollusks, fishes
Predator:  Bony fishes (Makaira mazara)


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-18

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