Liza vaigiensis   (Quoy & Gaimard,  1825) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Trevor, M.

Size: 35-63 cm.

Max. weight reported: 499 gm.

Color: Olive-brown dorsally, flanks silvery, abdomen white or suffused pale yellow. About 6 longitudinal stripes on flanks formed by longitudinal marks on scales. Scales also with darkened margins giving slight checkered appearance to flanks. Iris with yellow patches. Margins of fins dusky, otherwise yellowish white. Caudal fin distinctly yellow. Pectoral fin completely black in small fish, lower section yellowish in adults.

Body is elongate, slightly compressed with a flattened head and tapering snout. Head length 24 to 27% of standard length. Adipose tissue a rim around the eye. Lips thin, lower lip with a high symphysial knob; hind end of upper jaw reaching vertical from anterior rim of eye in small fishes, further forward in larger fish. Teeth labial, 1 or 2 rows of short, unicuspid teeth in upper lip, lost between 25 and 30 cm length, a single row of long ciliiform teeth in lower lip, lost at about 10 cm. Preorbital wide, filling space between lip and eye, notched anteriorly. Dorsal spines (total): 4-5, Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 7-9. Pectoral fins about equal in head length, with no axillary scale. Caudal fin slightly emarginate. Scales ctenoid on body in adults; 24 to 27 in lateral series.

Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive.

Synonym (s)
Mugil vaigiensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
Mugil waigieneis Day, 1876
Chelon vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
(Senior synonym)
Ellochelon vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
(Senior synonym)
Liza parmata (non Cantor, 1849)
(Misapplied name)
Mugil macrolepidotus Ruppell, 1830
(Junior synonym)
Mugil vaigiensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
(Senior synonym)
Liza vaigensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
Mugil waigiensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Common Name (s)
• Diamond Scale Grey Mullet (English)
• Boi (Marathi)
• Square Tail Mullet (English)
• Yellowtail Mullet (English)
• Mallan (Malayalam)
• Kanambu (Malayalam)
• Majni (Kannada)
• Madathale (Kannada)
• Grey Mullet (English)
• Pare (Kannada)
• Thirutha (Malayalam)
• Bonthaparigi (Telugu)
• Velisa (Tamil)
• Manalai (Tamil)
• Madavakandai (Tamil)
• Madavai (Tamil)
• Chiryakandai (Tamil)
• Cheluvakandai (Tamil)
• Gejameenakendai (Tamil)
• Avulimeen (Tamil)
• Koniga (Telugu)
• Peddaraki Sovere (Telugu)
• Surada (Tamil)
• Dingliah (Telugu)
• Teruvan (Tamil)
• Diamond scale mullet (English)
• Manali
• Madavai
• Squaretail Mullet
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; bait fish)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Sandy
Prey:  Zoobenthos and zooplankton


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Gulf of Oman
• Red Sea
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
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  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at -
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  • Mehdi, A; Yves, L; Michel, P and Salvat, B (1998) Factors influencing spatial distribution of fish communities an a fringing reef at Mauritius, S.W. Indian Ocean Environmental Biology of Fishes Kluwer Academic Publishers 53 169-182 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at -
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-31

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