Liza tade   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Mugiliformes
Family:Mugilidae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Size: 33-70 cm.

Color: Greenish-brown above, silvery below, often with 5 to 7 indistinct longitudinal marks on the upper half of body (not evident in young individuals).

Body is slender and elongate. Head wide, much depressed, with distinctive bulge at sides, length 19 -25% of standard length. Adipose tissue covers most of iris. Lips thin, lower lip with a high symphysial knob; hind end of upper jaw reaching vertical between posterior nostril and anterior rim of eye. Teeth labial, 5 to 9 rows of small teeth in upper lip, one row of sparse ciliiform teeth in lower lip. Preorbitals wide, filling the space between the lip and the eye, notched anteriorly. Two widely separated dorsal fins; first fin with 4 spines, second fin with 1 spine and 8 soft rays; origin of first dorsal fin nearer to snout tip than to caudal fin base. Anal fin with 3 spines and 9 soft rays. Pectoral fin very short, 18 to 20% of standard length, about 3/4 of head length; with no axillary scale. Caudal fin forked. Scales in lateral series 31 to 33; transverse scale series 11.

Spawning takes place at sea. Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive.


Synonym (s)
Mugil crenilabris tade Forskal, 1775
Mugil planiceps Valenciennes, 1876
Liza planiceps (Valenciennes, 1836)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Liza tade (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Mugil belanak Bleeker, 1857
(Junior synonym)
Mugil crenilabis tade Forsskal, 1775
(Senior synonym)
Mugil planiceps Valenciennes, 1836
(Junior synonym)
Mugil tade Forsskal, 1775
(Senior synonym)
Mugil tade Day, 1889

Common Name (s)
• Tade Grey Mullet (English)
• Bhagona
• Tade Mullet
• Bangon (Bengali)
• Grey Mullet (English)
• Gendiya (Gujarati)
• Madathale (Kannada)
• Majni (Kannada)
• Pare (Kannada)
• Kanambu (Malayalam)
• Mallan (Malayalam)
• Thirutha (Malayalam)
• Avelemeen (Tamil)
• Avulimeen (Tamil)
• Cheluvakandai (Tamil)
• Chiryakandai (Tamil)
• Gejameenakendai (Tamil)
• Madavai (Tamil)
• Madavakandai (Tamil)
• Manalai (Tamil)
• Velisa (Tamil)
• Bonthaparigi (Telugu)
• Dingliah (Telugu)
• Koniga (Telugu)
• Surada (Telugu)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)
Cultured:  Yes

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
Prey:  Algae, diatoms

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Murud Khadi INDIA
• Maharashtra, Roha INDIA
• Maharashtra, Pen INDIA
• Red Sea
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• West Bengal, Hugli-Matla Estuary INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary INDIA
• Kerala, Kayamkulam Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Estuary INDIA (Record: 07/1985-06/1987)
• Kerala, Kovalam INDIA (Record: 07/1985-06/1987)
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.26) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 01/2003-12/2003)
• Kerala, Ayiramthengu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA (Record: 09/2001-05/2002)
• West Bengal, Contai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• Maharashtra, Drevali INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-01-20

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