Endeis mollis   (Carpenter,  1904) (Sea Spider)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Pycnogonida

Image copyrights: The Marine Biological Association of India

Color: Palegreen to brownish

The body is long and narrow. The proboscis is as long as the body. There are 4 pairs of legs, leg span being nearly about three times the length of body. Two pairs of eyes and moderately long proboscis about half the length of body. The abdomen is a small extension at the posterior side. Legs are slender without strong spines and with isolated spinules or setae. The longer segment being at least 4 times as long as wide, tibia-2 is at most 11/4th times as long as tibia-1. Propodus is curved and not apically produced. Auxiliary claws were at least 1/3rd of the main claw. Femur is straight and without a distal spur. The presence of cement glands on the femora indicates a male. Femoral cement gland pores are present in one row. Collar is well developed. The body is translucent. The sex organs are found in the long joints of the legs. The ovigerous legs, present only in the males of this group, arose at the ventral side and wrapped around the egg mass. In the Endeidae family members, the chelifores are present in the juvenile stages but absent in the adults.

Synonym (s)
Endeis inermis (Hesse, 1867)
Endeis charybdaeus Schimkewitsch, 1887

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Andhra Pradesh, Off Vishakhapatnam (Lat: 24.03) (Long: 86.2) INDIA (Depth: 10-12 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Calman, WT (1923) Pycnogonida of the Indian Museum Records of the Indian Museum ZSI 25 265-300 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Veena, S; Kaladharan, P; Rohit, P and Rao, GS (2008) The pycnogonid (Endeis mollis Carpenter, 1904) associated with hydroids from the inshore waters of Visakhapatnam, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 17-22 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Veena, S; Kaladharan, P and Rohit, P (2010) Pycnogonids, the sea spiders their role in marine ecology Fishing Chimes CMFRI, RC Vishakhapatnam 30(9) 41-47 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7139/1/VEENA_FC30%289%2941-46.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-22

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