Liza subviridis   (Valenciennes,  1836) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, JE

Size: 25-40 cm.

Color: Dark greenish dorsally, brownish over head, white ventrally. 3-6 indistinct, dark stripes along upper rows of scales, greyish dorsal fins, caudal fin bluish with black margin. Yellowish pectoral fin and may have a blue spot at fin origin.

Body robust; head broad and flattened on top, its length 23 to 25% of standard length. Adipose eyelid covering iris in adults. Lips thin, lower lip with high symphysial knob; hind end of upper jaw reaching vertical from anterior rim of eye. Teeth labial, several rows of fine teeth in upper lip, one row of ciliiform teeth in lower lip. Preorbitals narrow, filling only 3/4 of space between lip and eye, notched anteriorly. Two widely separated dorsal fins; first fin with 4 spines, second fin with 1 spine and 8 or 9 soft rays; origin of first dorsal fin nearer to tip of snout than to caudal fin base. Anal fin with 3 spines and 9 soft rays. Pectoral fins very short, about 3/4 of head length, axillary scale rudimentary or absent. Caudal fin slightly forked. Scales in lateral series 27 to 32; 11 in transverse series.

Dioecious with external fertilization. Spawning occurs at sea. Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive.

Synonym (s)
Liza subviridis Talwar and Jhingran, 1991
Mugil jerdoni Day, 1876
Mugil subviridis Day, 1876
Mugil subviridis Valenciennes, 1836
Chelon subviridis (Valenciennes, 1836)
(Senior synonym)
Liza dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1836)
(Junior synonym)
Liza macrolepis (non Smith, 1846)
(Misapplied name)
Liza parmata (non Cantor, 1849)
(Misapplied name)
Liza parsia (non Hamilton, 1822)
(Misapplied name)
Liza vaigiensis (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
(Misapplied name)
Mugil alcocki Ogilby, 1908
(Junior synonym)
Mugil dussumieri Valenciennes, 1836
(Junior synonym)
Mugil javanicus Bleeker, 1852
(Junior synonym)
Mugil jerdoni Day, 1876
(Junior synonym)
Mugil stevensi Ogilby, 1908
(Junior synonym)
Mugil subviridis Valenciennes, 1836
(Senior synonym)
Mugil sundanensis Bleeker, 1853
(Junior synonym)
Mugil tadopsis Ogilby, 1908
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Greenback Mullet (English)
• Koinga (Telugu)
• Green Black Mullet
• Greenback Grey Mullet (English)
• Avelemeen (Tamil)
• Kanbo (Malayalam)
• Boyea (Gujarati)
• Grey Mullet (English)
• Madathale (Kannada)
• Majni (Kannada)
• Pare (Kannada)
• Kanambu (Malayalam)
• Mallan (Malayalam)
• Thirutha (Malayalam)
• Avulimeen (Tamil)
• Cheluvakandai (Tamil)
• Chiryakandai (Tamil)
• Gejameenakendai (Tamil)
• Madavai (Tamil)
• Madavakandai (Tamil)
• Manalai (Tamil)
• Velisa (Tamil)
• Bonthaparigi (Telugu)
• Dingliah (Telugu)
• Koniga (Telugu)
• Surada (Telugu)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquaculture, bait. Marketed fresh and salted.)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Small algae, diatoms and benthic detrital material


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• West Bengal, Ganges Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Forest (Lat: 11.03) (Long: 79.78) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • AlMajed, NB and Preston, MR (2000) An assessment of the total and methyl mercury content of zooplankton and fish tissue collected from Kuwait territorial waters Marine Pollution Bulletin 40(4) 298-307 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • (1998) Marine crabs of India National Institute of Oceanography Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-20

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