Liza macrolepis   (Smith,  1846) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Mugiliformes
Family:Mugilidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 26-60 cm.

Color: Greenish-grey dorsally, flanks and abdomen silvery. Fins are grey or bluish with dusky margins and may appear yellowish at base. Pectoral with golden base, and perhaps a dark spot with rudimentary axillary scale.

Body moderately robust; head wide, flattened above, its length 26 to 28 % of standard length. Fatty (adipose) tissue a rim around eye; lips thin, lower lip with a high symphysial knob; hind end of upper jaw reaching vertical from anterior rim of eye. Teeth labial, peg-like, in two rows in upper lip, ciliiform in lower lip. Preorbitals moderately wide, filling space between lip and eye, notched anteriorly. Two widely separated dorsal fins, the first with 4 spines, and second fin with 1 spine and 8 soft rays; origin of first dorsal fin nearer to caudal fin base than to snout tip. Anal fin with 3 spines and 9 soft rays. Pectoral fins short, about 3.4 of head length, with no axillary scale; pelvic fins reaching vertical behind base of 4th spine of first dorsal fin. Caudal fin slightly forked. Scales on body cycloid in juveniles, ctenoid in adults; scales in lateral series 28 to 33; 13 transverse rows of scales.

Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive.

It form schools in larger aggregations during spawning, which takes place at sea.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Mugil macrolepis Smith, 1849
Nugil poecilus Day, 1876
Chelon macrolepis (Smith, 1846)
Liza akame Tanaka, 1916
Liza parva Oshima, 1922
Liza pescadorensis Oshima, 1922
Liza troscheli (Bleeker, 1858-59)
Mugil borneensis Bleeker, 1851
Mugil macrolepis Smith, 1846
Mugil pescadorensis (Oshima, 1922)
Mugil pescadorensis (Oshima, 1922)
Mugil poicilus Day, 1865
Mugil rodericensis Gunther, 1876
Mugil smithii Gunther, 1861
Mugil troscheli Bleeker, 1858-59
Mugil troschelii Bleeker, 1858-59
Liza troschelli (Bleeker, 1858-59)
(Misspelling)
Mugil poecilus Day, 1865
(Misspelling)
Mugil troschellii Bleeker, 1858-59
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Borneo Mullet (English)
• Troschels Mullet (English)
• Largescale Mullet (English)
• Large Scaled Mullet (English)
• Madathale (Kannada)
• Majni (Kannada)
• Pare (Kannada)
• Kanbo (Malayalam)
• Mallan (Malayalam)
• Thirutha (Malayalam)
• Avelemeen (Tamil)
• Avulimeen (Tamil)
• Cheluvakandai (Tamil)
• Chiryakandai (Tamil)
• Madavai (Tamil)
• Madavakandai (Tamil)
• Manalai (Tamil)
• Velisa (Tamil)
• Bonthaparigi (Telugu)
• Dingliah (Telugu)
• Koniga (Telugu)
• Surada (Telugu)
• Malan (Malayalam)
• Borneo mullet (English)
• Manali
• Madavai
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, Marketed fresh, the roe is highly appreciated)
Cultured:  Yes

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos- copepods, floating algae

Biogeography


• East Coast INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Forest (Lat: 11.03) (Long: 79.78) INDIA
• Gulf of Aden
• Gulf of Oman
• PAKISTAN
• Maharashtra, Kasarbhat INDIA
• Maharashtra, Panvel INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1985-1987)
• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Estuary INDIA (Record: 07/1985-06/1987)
• Kerala, Kovalam INDIA (Record: 07/1985-06/1987)
• Kerala, Valapattanam River (Lat: 11.25) (Long: 75.36) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Kerala, Kayamkulam Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Talaja Khadi INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay, Pullamadam INDIA
• INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nandi, NC; Das, SR; Bhuinya, S and Dasgupta, JM (1993) Wetland faunal resources of West Bengal, I., north and south 24-Parganas districts Occasional paper no 150 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 18264
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Balasubramanian, T Lagoons of India Environmental Information System Centre, Envis Publication Series: 3/2001 105 pp Available at - http://aucasmbenvis.org/files/04-Publications/lagoon%20status.pdf
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • (1998) Marine crabs of India National Institute of Oceanography Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Raj, PJS, Tilak, JL and Kalaimani, G (2002) Experiments in restoration of benthic biodiversity in Pulicat Lake, south India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 37-45 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Bijukumar, A and Sushama, S (2000) Ichthyofauna of Ponnani estuary, Kerala Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 42(1&2) 182-189 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Mohanraj, G; Nammalwar, P; Kandaswamy, S and Sekar, AC (1994) Availability of grey mullet spawners in Adyar estuary and Kovalam backwater around Madras, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India CMFRI 36(1&2) 167-180 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/737/1/M,N,K,S__167-180.pdf
  • Khaleel, KM (2005) Diversity, indigenous traditional knowledge and consequences of destruction of mangroves on the banks of Valapatanam river kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and developmen 89-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Luther, G (1973) The grey mullet fishery resources of India Proceedings of the symposium on living resources of the seas around India CMFRI-Cochin 455-460 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2730/1/Article_32.pdf
  • Nammalwar, P; Mohanraj, G; Kandasamy, S and Sekhar, AC (1991) Finfish seed resources of Adyar estuary and Kovalam backwater around Madras, India Journal of marine biological association of India CMFRI, Kochi 33(1&2) 59-68 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Lal Mohan, RS (1983) Cultivable finfish Resources Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Fisheries Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 52-53 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/919/1/Bulletin_No_34-9.pdf
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1634/2/Article_15.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Nair, PVR; Luther, G and Adolph, C (1965) An ecological study of some pools near Mandapam (South India) formed as a result of the cyclone and tidal wave of 1964 Journal of the marine biological associaiton of India The marine biological association of India 7(2) 420-439 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-31

Back to Search