Liza macrolepis   (Smith,  1846) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 26-60 cm.

Color: Greenish-grey dorsally, flanks and abdomen silvery. Fins are grey or bluish with dusky margins and may appear yellowish at base. Pectoral with golden base, and perhaps a dark spot with rudimentary axillary scale.

Body moderately robust; head wide, flattened above, its length 26 to 28 % of standard length. Fatty (adipose) tissue a rim around eye; lips thin, lower lip with a high symphysial knob; hind end of upper jaw reaching vertical from anterior rim of eye. Teeth labial, peg-like, in two rows in upper lip, ciliiform in lower lip. Preorbitals moderately wide, filling space between lip and eye, notched anteriorly. Two widely separated dorsal fins, the first with 4 spines, and second fin with 1 spine and 8 soft rays; origin of first dorsal fin nearer to caudal fin base than to snout tip. Anal fin with 3 spines and 9 soft rays. Pectoral fins short, about 3.4 of head length, with no axillary scale; pelvic fins reaching vertical behind base of 4th spine of first dorsal fin. Caudal fin slightly forked. Scales on body cycloid in juveniles, ctenoid in adults; scales in lateral series 28 to 33; 13 transverse rows of scales.

Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive.

It form schools in larger aggregations during spawning, which takes place at sea.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Mugil macrolepis Smith, 1849
Nugil poecilus Day, 1876
Chelon macrolepis (Smith, 1846)
Liza akame Tanaka, 1916
Liza parva Oshima, 1922
Liza pescadorensis Oshima, 1922
Liza troscheli (Bleeker, 1858-59)
Mugil borneensis Bleeker, 1851
Mugil macrolepis Smith, 1846
Mugil pescadorensis (Oshima, 1922)
Mugil pescadorensis (Oshima, 1922)
Mugil poicilus Day, 1865
Mugil rodericensis Gunther, 1876
Mugil smithii Gunther, 1861
Mugil troscheli Bleeker, 1858-59
Mugil troschelii Bleeker, 1858-59
Liza troschelli (Bleeker, 1858-59)
Mugil poecilus Day, 1865
Mugil troschellii Bleeker, 1858-59

Common Name (s)
• Borneo Mullet (English)
• Troschels Mullet (English)
• Largescale Mullet (English)
• Large Scaled Mullet (English)
• Madathale (Kannada)
• Majni (Kannada)
• Pare (Kannada)
• Kanbo (Malayalam)
• Mallan (Malayalam)
• Thirutha (Malayalam)
• Avelemeen (Tamil)
• Avulimeen (Tamil)
• Cheluvakandai (Tamil)
• Chiryakandai (Tamil)
• Madavai (Tamil)
• Madavakandai (Tamil)
• Manalai (Tamil)
• Velisa (Tamil)
• Bonthaparigi (Telugu)
• Dingliah (Telugu)
• Koniga (Telugu)
• Surada (Telugu)
• Malan (Malayalam)
• Borneo mullet (English)
• Manali
• Madavai
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, Marketed fresh, the roe is highly appreciated)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos- copepods, floating algae


• East Coast INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Forest (Lat: 11.03) (Long: 79.78) INDIA
• Gulf of Aden
• Gulf of Oman
• Maharashtra, Kasarbhat INDIA
• Maharashtra, Panvel INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1985-1987)
• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Estuary INDIA (Record: 07/1985-06/1987)
• Kerala, Kovalam INDIA (Record: 07/1985-06/1987)
• Kerala, Valapattanam River (Lat: 11.25) (Long: 75.36) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Kerala, Kayamkulam Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Talaja Khadi INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay, Pullamadam INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-01-31

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