Lethrinus ornatus   Valenciennes,  1830 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Size: Maximum 45 cm; common 20 to 25 cm

Color: Body color is dusky whitish, becoming lighter below, with four or six orange stripes. The posterior edges of the operculum and preoperculum are bright red. The head is brown or tan, sometimes with a red spot on the lower front edge of the eye. The pectoral fin is orangish; the pelvic, anal and most of the dorsal fin is whitish. The edge of the dorsal and caudal fin is reddish.

Height 2.4-2.8, 2.9-3.5 in length with caudal. Head 2.9-3.8 in length with caudal. Eye 3-3.5. Inter orbital space slightly convex, less than or equal to eye. Relative length of sides of triangle, formed by middle of pupil, angle of preoperculum and snout (in this sequence) 1 : 1.3-1.5 : 1-1.2. Mouth slightly oblique, jaw sub equal. Corner of mouth in vertical between anterior and posterior nostril. Canines moderate. Lateral teeth rounded and molar like. Origin of dorsal separated by 6 scales from lateral line. Dorsal spines slender, third or fourth longest, equal to post orbital part of head and half eye and about as long as longest soft dorsal rays. Origin of anal slightly behind vertical through last dorsal spine, separated by 14 scales from lateral line. Second anal spine much thicker than third, but about of the same length, longer than eye and slightly more than soft anal rays. Pectorals long and pointed, almost as long as head, ventrals equal to snout and eye. Caudal incised, the lobes pointed. Least height of caudal peduncle 1.5 in its length. Dorsal spines (total): 10-10; dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9; anal spines: 3; anal soft rays: 8.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Lethrinus xanthotaenia Bleeker, 1851
Lethrinus xanthotaenia (Bleeker, 1851b)
Lethrinus insulindicus (Bleeker, 1873)
Lethrinus ornatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Lethrinus mahsenoides Bleeker, 1849
Lethrinus mahsenoides Gunther, 1859
Lethrinus insulindicus Bleeker, 1873
Lethrinus ornatus Day, 1888
Lethrinus insulindicus Bleeker, 1877
Lethrinus ornatus Macleay, 1882
Lethrinus arnatus De Vis, 1884
Lethrinus mahsenoides Ramsay and Ogilby, 1886
Lethrinus mahsenoides Steindachner, 1900
Lethrinus mahsenoides Evermann and Seale, 1907
Lethrinus mahsenoides Jordan and Seale, 1907
Lethrinus mahsenoides Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Lethrinus mahsenoides Seale and Bean, 1908
Lethrinus insulindicus Jordan and Richardson, 1909
Lethrinus ornatus Herre and Montalban, 1927
Lethrinus erythrurus Fowler, 1933

Common Name (s)
• Ornate Emperor (English)
• Ornate Emperor Bream (English)
• Vilaimeen
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Coastal
Prey:  Zoobenthos like molluscs, crustaceans, echinoderms, polychaetes and small fishes


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini Island (Lat: 11.08) (Long: 72.75) INDIA (Record: 03/1954)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Kerala INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Torao, S (1978) A synopsis of the Sparoid fish genus Lethrinus, with the description of a new species University of Tokyo Press 25569 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Silas, EG and Toor, HS. (1961) On some new records of Pigface Breams (Family Lethrinidae : Pisces) from the Andaman sea Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 3(1&2) 208-214 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/908/1/Article_20.pdf
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Balan, V (1958) Notes on a visit to certain islands of the Laccadive Archipelago, with special reference to fisheries Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 55 (2) 297-306 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6009/1/1.pdf
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • James, PSBR; Lazarius, S and Arumugam, G (1994) The present status of 'Major Perch' fisheries in India Perch fisheries in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 47 1-9 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8218/1/Bulletin_No_47.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-11-30

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