Lethrinus lentjan   (Lacepede,  1802) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Size: Maximum 52 cm; common to 40 cm.

Weight: 500 gm.

Color: Head is brownish mauve-purple. A bright red spot occurs on the opercle margin with another on the outer pectoral fin base. Body olive-green above, becoming paler below; each scale on back sometimes with white center. The pectoral fin is white, yellow or pinkish, the pelvic and anal fins are white to orange; the dorsal fin is white and orange mottled with a reddish margin; the caudal fin is mottled orange or reddish.

Mouth is slightly protractile, lips thick and fleshy. The inner base of the pectoral fin is either with few scales or naked. Interorbital space moderately convex. Snout straight or nearly so, no hump to the head, the snout profile forming an angle of 58°-66° with maxilla 55°-65° with chin and 101°-108° with a line drawn from upper edge of pectoral fin base through centre of the eye. Maxilla reaching opposite anterior or posterior nostril, a little short in young; distance between the 2 posterior nostrils small 4.1 to 4.7 times in head. Posterolateral teeth in jaws include distinct molars in adult, anterior teeth caniniform. Fourth dorsal fin spine longest; 4th dorsal fin ray 2.7 to 3.1 times in head length. Six scale rows between lateral line and median dorsal fin spines. Inner surface of pectoral fin base scaleless or with only a few scales. Dorsal spines (total): 10-10; dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9; anal spines: 3; anal soft rays: 8.

Protogynous with external fertilization.

Synonym (s)
Bodianus lentjan Lacepede, 1802
Lethrinus flavescens Smith, 1959
Lethrinus geniguttatus Valenciennes, 1830
Lethrinus leutjanus Valenciennes, 1830
Lethrinus nebulosus Akazaki, 1962
Lethrinus opercularis Bleeker, 1850
Letherinus lentjanus (Lacepede, 1802)
Letherinus leutjanus (Lacepede, 1802)
Pentapodus nubilis Cantor, 1849
Lethrinus virescens Valenciennes, 1830
Lethrinus opercularis Valenciennes, 1830
Lethrinus nubilis (Cantor, 1849)
Lethrinus mahsenoides Valenciennes, 1830
Lethrinus glyphodon Gunther, 1859
Lethrinus fusciceps Macleay, 1878
Lethrinus flavescens Valenciennes, 1830
Lethrinus croceopterus Valenciennes, 1830
Lethrinus cocosensis Bleeker, 1854
Lethrinus cinereus Valenciennes, 1830
Lethrinus argenteus Valenciennes, 1830

Common Name (s)
• Pink Ear Emperor (English)
• Redspot Emperor (English)
• Redfin Emperor (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Estuarine, Sandy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans, molluscs, worms and fishes


• Gulf of Oman
• Persian Gulf
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Kudankulam INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Kerala INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at - www.coralcay.org
  • Rouphael, T; Turak, E and Jon, B Seagrasses and mangroves of Yemen's Red Sea 41-89
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mahmoud, MU; Mekkawy, AAI and H. Ahemed, SA (2005) Scale characteristics of seven species of genus Lethrinus (family Lethrinidae) from the Red Sea, Egypt Egyptian Journal of Zoology 44 545-580
  • Pilling, GM; Grandcourt, EM and Kirkwood, GP (2003) The utility of otolith weight as a predictor of age in the emperor Lethrinus mahsena and other tropical fish species Fisheries Research (Amsterdam) 60 493-506 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Grandcourt Edwin Mark (2002) Demographic characteristics of a selection of exploited reef fish from the Seychelles: Preliminary study Marine and Freshwater Research 53(2) 123-130 Available at - Zoological Records
  • ELGawaher, ABD (2003) Effect of water pollution of the Red Sea coastal zone of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia on the histological characters of some body organs of the red spot emperor Lethrinus lentjan (Teleosts [Teleostei]: Lethrinidae) Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology 42 21-42 Available at - ZOOR14001005198
  • Almohanna, MM (2000) Determination of aromatic hydrocarbons in the gill extract of five different fish species along the Red Sea coast of Jeddah and Gizan Journal of King Abdulaziz University Marine Sciences 11 Available at - ZOOR13900040479
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
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  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2009/March/o198526iii09166-169.pdf
  • Raj, YL; Wesley, SG and Rajan, MP (2010) Status of Cu, Zn and Cr content in fin and shell fishes of Kudankulam coast, Gulf of Mannar, India South Indian Coastal and Marine Bulletin Suganthi Devadason Marine Research Institute, Tamil Nadu, India 2(1) 10-13 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kizhakudan, SJ; Nair, KVS and Zala, MS Demersal Finfish Resources of Gujarat Sustainable fisheries development: Focus on Gujarat 57-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6060/
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
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  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-11-30

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