Lepturacanthus pantului   (Gupta,  1966) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Trichiuridae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Size: Maximum 92 cm SL; common to 50 cm SL.

Color: In fresh specimens, body steely blue with metallic reflections becoming silvery grey after death. Tapering part black, margin of anus black, usually margin of dorsal fin membrane sooty; tip of both jaws black; a very small black spot present on anterior base of pectoral fin; inside of opercle and anterior part of shoulder girdle, jet black.

Body extremely elongate and strongly compressed, ribbon-like, gradually tapering to a point. Snout short, contained about 3 times in head length; mouth large with a dermal flap at tip of each jaw; 3 (sometimes 4) fangs with barbs and 2 smaller forward directed canine teeth present in upper jaw, anterior-most fang very long, coming out through a small slit on ventral side of lower jaw (when mouth is tightly closed); a pair of fangs (usually without barbs) present at tip of lower jaw; eye large, its diameter contained about 5 to 7 times in head length, suborbital space about half as large as eye; lower hind margin of gill cover concave. A single, long-based, dorsal fin with 3 spines and 120 to 131 soft rays; anal fin reduced to small spinules (74 to 84), breaking through skin, the anterior-most fairly long; pectoral fins slightly shorter than snout, with 1 spine and 10 or 11 soft rays. Anal fin origin situated beneath 36th to 40th dorsal fin ray; pelvic and caudal fins absent. Lateral line nearer to ventral than to dorsal profile of body.


Synonym (s)
Trichiurus pantuli Gupta, 1966
Trichiurus pantului Gupta, 1966

Common Name (s)
• Gangetic Ribbon Fish (English)
• Coromandal Ribbon Fish (English)
• Coromandel Hairtail (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; marketed fresh as well as dried salted.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Bentho Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Small fishes and crustaceans (mainly prawns, young clupeoids, Harpodon nehereus and Trichiurus species)

Biogeography


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Khan, RA (2003) Fish faunal resources of Sunderban estuarine system with special reference to the biology of some commercially important species Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 1-149 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-06

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