Leptoscarus vaigiensis   (Quoy & Gaimard,  1824) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 27-35 cm.

Color: Greenish grey; center of scales on body with dark brown spot. An oblique creamy band on chin and another vertical band below eye. Dorsal and caudal pale with dusky patches. Pectoral hyaline with a narrow brown band at base.

Head 3.1-3.2 in standard length, 3.8-4.0 in total length. Depth of body 3.3-3.6 in standard length, 4.1-4.5 in total length. Eye diameter 4.8-5.1 in head, 1.6-1.7 in snout and 1.2-1.3 in interorbital space. A single row of scales on cheek. 4 or 5 predorsal scales. Inner upper lip fully developed and separated from the outer lip. In females, teeth in upper jaw coalesced, but the edges denticulate. In males, outer side of upper jaw superiorly with a few strong canines. Teeth in lower jaw coalesced but individual teeth distinct at edges. Membrane between dorsal spines incised. Median dorsal spines as long as snout and half eye diameter together and slightly shorter than longest dorsal rays. First anal fin spine minute, third longest, as long as snout and shorter than longest anal fin rays. Pectoral fin as long as postorbital part of head and about half eye diameter together. Ventral fin slightly shorter than pectoral.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 10; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 11; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 25; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+6½.

Dioecious, external fertilization, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Spawns in shallow water above grassflats on the falling tide. Investigation of sexual identity of large samples suggest the species is gonochoristic (sex-reversal do not occur), the first sparid species known to be so.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Scarichthys caeruleopunctatus (Ruppell, 1877)
Scarus vaigiensis Quoy and Gaimard, 1824
Leptoscarus coeruleopunctatus de Beaufort, 1940
Leptoscarus vaigiensis de Beaufort, 1940
Scarichthys caeruleopunctatus Day, 1878
Scarus (Calliodon) coeruleo-punctatus Ruppell, 1835
Leptoscarus coeruleopunctatus (Ruppell, 1835)
(Junior synonym)
Scarichthys auritus (Valenciennes, 1840)
(Junior synonym)
Scarus auritus Valenciennes, 1840
(Junior synonym)
Scarus bottae Valenciennes, 1840
(Junior synonym)
Scarus coeruleopunctatus Ruppell, 1835
(Junior synonym)
Scarus naevius Valenciennes, 1840
(Junior synonym)
Scarus rubronotatus Valenciennes, 1840
(Junior synonym)
Scarus vaigiensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
(Senior synonym)
Scarus vaigiensis Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1839
Callyodon chlorolepis Richardson, 1847
Scarus naevius Bleeker, 1852
Scarichthys naevius Bleeker, 1859
Scarichthys auritus Bleeker, 1862
Pseudoscarus wageensis Bleeker, 1862
Scarichthys auritus Gunther, 1862
Scarichthys auritus Guichenot, 1865
Choerops auritum Evermann and Seale, 1907
Scarichthys auritus Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Scarichthys auritus Gunther, 1909
Scarichthys auritus Fowler and Bean, 1928
Scarichthys auritus Fowler, 1928
Scarichthys auritus P. J. Schmidt, 1930
Scarichthys auritus Fowler, 1935
Calliodon chlorolepsis Richardson, 1844
Leptoscarus vaigensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Leptoscarus vaigienis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Scarichthys caeruleopunctatus (Ruppell, 1835)
Scarus caeruleo-punctatus Ruppell, 1835

Common Name (s)
• Marbled Parrotfish (English)
• Fehilandae (Mahl)
• Hima Landae (Mahl)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium, Ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Seagrasses, algae, planktonic copepods


• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Barman, RP and Mishra, SS (2005) Studies on the reef dwelling fishes of India, parrotfishes (Family Scaridae) ZSI, Kolkata 63 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Robertson, DR; Reinboth, R and Bruce, RW (1982) Gonochorism, protogynous sex-change and spawning in three sparisomatinine parrotfishes from the western Indian Ocean Bulletin of Marine Science 32(4) 868-879 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7786/1/678-Mur.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ghosh, S; Ganeshamurthy, R; Balamurugan, J and Kumar, TTA (2011) Reef fishing- An off season amusement at Lakshadweep Fishing chimes 31(1) 128-130 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (2001) Ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep Bulletins of the Geological Survey of India 56 103-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8574/1/Murty.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-06-28

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