Leiognathus splendens [Status Unaccepted]   Cuvier,  1829 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Leiognathidae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: 14-17 cm.

Color: Silvery, fins yellow, one dark spot on tip of snout, another in the axil, terminal portion of membrane between the second and the fifth dorsal spine black, faint irregular, broken transverse stripes present along the dorsal one-third of the body in the region of the lateral line.

Oblong, compressed, dorsal profile much more convex than ventral, height about 3 in length, the fronto-occipital profile convex, the supra occipital concavity twice as long as borad, nuchal spine longer than eye, keeled. Eye 2.50 in head, nearly equal to interorbital space, longer than obtuse snout. A pair of spines above front border of eye, border of eye behind them denticulate. Commencement of gape of mouth below lower margin of eye, mouth when protected slightly directed downwards, maxillary reaches vertical through middle of eye, mandible somewhat concave. Praeoperculum with obtuse angle, its lower margin concave, more or less strongly serrated. Minute teeth in jaws in a single series. Scales middle-sized, easily rubbed of, wanting only on head, on breast fully and distinctly present, lateral line less convex than dorsal profile, with about 55 sensory tubes, terminating at base of caudal. Dorsal spines rather strong, the second little shorter than half height of body, the second and third dorsal and anal spines and the fourth dorsal anteriorly denticulated in their lower part. Pectorals shorter, with a strong spine and a long axillary scale-like process. Caudal deeply emarginate. It is more deep bodied than most other species. Head naked and nuchal spine present. Snout short. Protractile mouth points downwards. Lateral line continued into caudal peduncle. Pelvic fins short and do not reach origin of anal.

Breeds in rainy season.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Equula splendens Cuvier, 1829
Equla splendens Cuvier, 1829
Leiognathus splendens Munro, 1955
Equula gomorah Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1835
Equula gomorah Ruppell, 1840
Equula gomorah Bleeker, 1845
Equula caballa Bleeker, 1850
Equula splendens Cantor, 1850
Equula gomorah Bleeker, 1852
Equula splendens Gunther, 1860
Leiognathus gomorah Bleeker, 1863
Equula splendens Kner, 1867
Equula splendens Day, 1888
Equula splendens Klunzinger, 1884
Equula splendens Macleay, 1884
Eubleekeria (Leiognathus) splendens Fowler, 1904
Leiognathus splendens Evermann and Seale, 1907
Leiognathus splendens Seale, 1910
Equula splendens M. Weber, 1913
Equula splendens de Beaufort, 1913
Leiognathus equula Fowler and Bean, 1922

Common Name (s)
• Splendid Ponyfish (English)
• Splendid Pony (English)
• Splendid Silver Belly (English)
• Kaaral (Tamil)
• Killi Kaarat (Tamil)
• Karah (Telugu)
• Kanai Kuruchi (Kannada)
• Thalimullan (Malayalam)
• Karali (Marathi)
• Tikata (Marathi)
• Tunka Chandee (Oriya)
• Goomorah Korah (Telugu)
• Kulli Kare (Tamil)
• Kapi (Kannada)
• Kurichy (Marathi)
• Kap (Marathi)
• Kutali (Gujarati)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh or dried, also used to be fish meal for duck and chicken food)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Estuarine
Prey:  Copepods, other crustaceans, foraminiferans, bivalves and phytoplanktonic organisms

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Goa, Marmagao Bay INDIA
• Goa, Aguada Bay INDIA
• MYANMAR
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Kerala, Off Calicut INDIA (Record: 1948-1953) (Depth: 3.65-14.63 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram, Thangachimadam INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• West Coast
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-01-30

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