Callyodon janthochir   (Bleeker)  1853 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 262-600 mm.

Color: Body bluish green, lighter below, some scales on caudal peduncle with a pale central spot, lower side of head below eye bright green, lips pale creamy continued as a band to eye, a broad bright green band extending forward from eye across snout, the region behind this being pale creamy. Edges of dorsal pale green, green bars along basal 2/3 of spines, rays green, membrane between rays dark, subterminal part of the fin pale yellowish. Anal broadly edges with green, a green band along base and some greenish streaks on hind part, rest of the fin pale yellowish. Caudal green with a broad yellowish submarginal band along each lobe. Pectoral fin dark blue, outer margin pale. Ventral green with 1st and 2nd rays pale yellowish.

Head 3.2 in standard length, 4.0 in total length. Depth of body 2.65 in standard length, 3.30 in total length. Eye diameter 7.2 in head, 2.6 in snout and 2.3 in convex interorbital space. Cheek with 2 rows of scales and 3 scales on preopercle flange. Teeth green, edges white, lips covering 1/2 of dental plates, a rudimentary canine on one side. Nostrils small, close together and less than one eye diameter before eye. 6 scales before dorsal fin. Pectoral fin 3/5 snout length shorter than head. Dorsal fin spines increasing in length to the last, it being 2½ eye diameter and as long as dorsal rays. Caudal fin truncate, lobes slightly produced.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 10; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 13; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 24; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+6½.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Scarus janthochir Bleeker 1853
Callyodon janthochir de Beaufort 1940
Pseudoscarus janthochir Bleeker 1862
Pseudoscarus janthochir Gunther 1862
Callyodon janthochir Fowler and Bean 1928

Common Name (s)
• Neela Chandi
Economic Importance and Threats



• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Persian Gulf (Record: 1980)
• MAURITIUS (Record: 1980)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-12-21

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