Callyodon harid   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 315-521 mm.

Color: Greenish grey with dusky tinge above becoming yellowish white below. Lips orange, continued backwards as a broad yellowish band to opercle. A narrow dark streak on snout above the orange band. Dorsal and anal yellowish, narrowly edged with blue and with some bluish spots. Upper rays of pectoral pale bluish, rest of the fin hyaline. Caudal with three dusky blue vertical lines, outer edges of lobes bluish. Ventral yellowish.

Head 3.2 in standard length, 4.4 in total length. Depth of body 3.1 in standard length, 4.3 in total length. Eye diameter 6.6 in head, 3.2 in pointed snout and 1.7 in almost flat interorbital space. Lips broad, almost fully covering dental plates; dental plates white; two canines posteriorly in upper jaw. Four rows of scales on cheek, leaving a broad suborbital area and a preopercular limb naked. 4 predorsal scales. Nostrils minute, about one eye diameter before eye. Dorsal fin spines gradually decreasing in length to the last, first spine twice eye diameter, soft rays equal to anterior spines in length. Pectoral fin half length of snout shorter than head. Caudal lobes much produced.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 10; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 13; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 25; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+6½.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Scarus harid Forskal 1775
Callyodon harid de Beaufort 1940
Hipposcarus harid Smith 1956
Hipposcarus harid harid Smith 1959
Hipposcarus harid vexillus Smith 1959
Pseudoscarus harid Day 1878
Scarus mastax Ruppell 1828
Scarus longiceps Cuvier and Valenciennes 1839
Scarus mastax Bleeker 1854
Pseudoscarus mastax Bleeker 1862
Pseudoscarus longiceps Bleeker 1862
Pseudoscarus harid Gunther 1862
Pseudoscarus longiceps Guichenot 1865
Pseudoscarus harid Klunzinger 1871
Pseudoscarus harid Gunther 1909
Pseudoscarus harid M. Weber 1913
Callyodon harid Fowler and Bean 1928
Callyodon harid Fowler 1938

Common Name (s)
• Valan Chandi
• Red Lined Parrot Fish (English)
• Popat
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Gujarat INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at -
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-24

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