Callyodon ghobban   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 220-401 mm.

Color: Rapidly fading on preservation; generally light orange to yellowish with bluish spots on center of scales, a bluish band from eye to corner of mouth and a short one on chin. Dorsal yellowish with a bluish edge and sometimes with a row of bluish dark spots below. Anal yellowish with dark basal band and bluish edge. Caudal pale with vertical rows of dark spots on rays, its dorsal and ventral margins bluish. Pectoral pale to yellowish, upper rays somewhat bluish. Ventral pale yellowish.

Head 3.0-3.4 in standard length, 3.7-4.1 in total length. Depth of body 2.9-3.1 in standard length, 3.5-3.8 in total length. Eye diameter 6.7-7.1 in head, 2.4-2.8 in snout and 2.1-2.4 in convex interorbital space. Lips rather broad, covering most of the plates, no canines, teeth white. Anterior nostril small, posterior larger, about 3/5 eye diameter before eye. Two rows of scales on cheek and one scale on flange. Six scales on dorsal fin. Dorsal fin spines flexible, sub equal, about twice eye diameter or longer, rays slightly longer than spines. First anal fin spine minute, third longest, rays longer than third spine. Pectoral fin longer than head without snout. Soft anal similar to soft dorsal. Ventrals about half diameter of eye longer than post orbital part of head. Caudal fin truncate, lobes somewhat produced in large adults.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 10; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 13; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 25; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+6½.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Scarus ghobban Forskal, 1775
Callyodon ghobban de Beaufort, 1940
Pseudoscarus ghobban Day, 1878
Scarus pyrrostethus Richardson, 1846
Scarus harid Bleeker, 1849
Scarus psittacus Cantor, 1850
Scarus psittacus Bleeker, 1853
Scarus haridoides Bleeker, 1855
Pseudoscarus pyrrhostethus Bleeker, 1862
Pseudoscarus pyrrhostethus Gunther, 1862
Pseudoscarus pyrrhostethus Kner, 1865
Pseudoscarus pyrrhostethus Guichenot, 1865
Pseudoscarus ghobban Klunzinger, 1871
Pseudoscarus pyrrhostethus Gunther, 1909
Pseudoscarus cantori Bean and Weed, 1912
Callyodon ghobban Fowler, 1928

Common Name (s)
• Landae
• Chandi
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish, Fisheries)

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Vedalai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at -
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2001) Ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep Bulletins of the Geological Survey of India 56 103-111 Available at -
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-10

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