Leiognathus leuciscus [Status Unaccepted]   (Gunther,  1860) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Leiognathidae

Description
Size: 12-13.5 cm.

Color: Silvery, black dotted with brownish, upper jaw brown, axil of pectoral minutely dotted with black.

Rather oblong, its height three times in total length (2 3/4 to 2 4/5 without caudal), head 4 4/5 in total (3 1/2 to 3 5/6 without caudal). Dorsal profile somewhat more convex than ventral. Eye thrice in head, equal to snout, which is somewhat produced, obtusely conical, both its profiles straight, the lower being more oblique. The width of the interorbital space equals the length of the eye. The groove between the orbitals is broadest anteriorly, and becomes narrow posteriorly, it is 1 1/2 as long as wide. There are no spine above the eye. The angle of the praeoperculum is somewhat obtuse, the lower limb having an oblique direction, its lower margin very indistinctly serrated. Scales small, cycloid and deciduous, lateral line slightly curved, and continued to caudal fin. The dorsal fin beings immediately behind the vertical from the base of the ventrals, the second spine is very long, filiform, and extends beyond the middle of the soft portion, the third spine also is elongate, but only one-half the length of the preceding. The caudal is forked, and its length is one-fifth of the total. The anal commences vertically below the eighth dorsal spine, its second spine is flexible, and less than one-half the length of the second of the dorsal. The pectoral is short, Obtusely pointed, its length is one-eighth of the total. The ventral is inserted behind the pectoral, and is composed of a rather stout spine and five rays, its length is contained ten times and a half in the total.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Equula leuciscus Gunther, 1860
Equulites novaehollandiae (Munro, 1967)
Leiognathus leuciscus Bleeker, 1865
Equula leuciscus Meyer, 1885
Leiognathus leuciscus Jordan and Seale, 1905
Leiognathus leuciscus Jordan and Seale, 1905
Leiognathus leuciscus Fowler and Bean, 1922

Common Name (s)
• Whipfin Ponyfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh or dried, also used to be fish meal for duck and chicken food)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic
Prey:  Crustaceans and polychaetes

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vedalai INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • ElEtreby, SG (1993) Experimental trawl fishing survey for the demersal fishes in the Red Sea coast of the Republic of Yemen Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology 10(B) 13-37 Available at - Zoological Records(yemen-marine)
  • Tongnunui, P; Ikejima, K; Yamane, T; Horinouch, M; Medej, T; Sano, M; Kurokura, H and Taniuchi, T (2002) Fish fauna of the Sikao Creek mangrove estuary,Trang, Thailand Fisheries Science 68 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (1982) A colour guide to the fishes of the south China sea and the Andaman sea Seafood Industries Association, Singapore Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-02

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