Callyodon frenatus   (Lacepede)  1802 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Scaridae

Description
Size: 295 mm.

Color: In preserved specimens: Head and anterior part of body to vertical through tip of depressed ventral reddish brown, rest of body and tail much lighter, the scales often with a darker center. The two color sharply defined. A yellow band along upper lip, continued at rictus through lower portion of eye to opercular flap. A narrower yellow band along lower lip followed on chin by another, where it crosses the isthmus a longitudinal yellow band starts, running along isthmus a longitudinal yellow band starts, running along isthmus in the median line, and often continued on thorax to ventrals or to anal. A short yellow stripe on both sides of this band below anterior part of preopercular limb. Basal half of dorsal deep violet, distal part creamy with a brown longitudinal sub-terminal line. Anal deep violet basally, creamy distally, the two colors sharply defined. Caudal dark violet at base, then creamy. A narrow vertical violet band through middle of caudal, bent backwards near upper and lower lobes. Sometimes also a violet margin to the fin. Upper and lower rays reddish, this color separated from the creamy color of the rest of the fin by a narrow violet line. A deep violet blotch at superior end of base of pectorals, which are yellowish in their basal part. Ventrals yellowish, the spine and the first ray pinkish.

Height 2.5-2.8, 3.1-3.4 in length with caudal. Head 2.9-3.1, 3.8 in length with caudal. Height of head 1-1.1 in its length. Eye 5.7-6.8, 2.2-2.7 in snout and 2-2.5 in convex inter orbital space. Lips broad, covering greater part of dental plate. Inner upper lip short, its point of connection with the outer lip much nearer rictus than symphysis. Nostrils small, the anterior with a very short valve, the posterior an oblique slit. Dental plate yellowish or pinkish. One to three canines posteriorly in the upper and lower jaw. Two transverse rows of scales on cheek, preopercular limb naked or with a single scale posteriorly. Four to five scales before dorsal. Dorsal spines slightly decreasing in length posteriorly, the first almost as long as snout. Soft dorsal of the same height as spinous part. Third anal spine equal to distance between rictus and eye. Soft anal similar to soft dorsal, both fins pointed behind. Pectorals about half diameter of eye longer than head without snout. Ventrals slightly shorter. Caudal truncate, the lobes produced and pointed.


Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Scarus frenatus Lacepede 1802
Scarus frenatus Cuvier and Valenciennes 1839
Scarus frenatus Bleeker 1852
Pseudoscarus frenatus Bleeker 1862
Pseudoscarus viridis Gunther 1862
Pseudoscarus fraenatus Guichenot 1865
Pseudoscarus frenatus Peters 1876
Pseudoscarus frenatus Gunther 1909
Callyodon frenatus Fowler and Bean 1928
Callyodon frenatus Fowler 1928
Scarus frenatus Herre 1936

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• INDIA (Record: 2003)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-12-21

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