Callyodon capitaneus   (Cuvier)  1829 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Scaridae

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Description
Size: 154-320 mm

Color: Deep green, snout and dorsal side of eye bluish green, edges of scales slightly lighter, scales of head and upper sides of anterior part of body with several small pale spots. Dorsal and anal blue black with narrow green margin. Caudal blue black, upper, lower and distal edges green. Pectoral green, mid-dorsal rays blackish. Ventral green, first ray lighter.

Head 2.9-3.1 in standard length, 3.6-3.8 in total length. Depth of body 2.7-2.9 in standard length, 3.5-3.7 in total length. Eye diameter 6.2-8.4 in head, 2.7-3.6 in snout and 2.4-3.2 in convex interorbital space. Cheek with 2 rows of scales, preopercle flange naked. 4 scales before dorsal. Teeth green, edges white, lips narrow, covering less than 1/3 of dental plates; one or two canines posteriorly in upper jaw in large specimens. Dorsal profile of snout somewhat rounded in young and more pronounced with age. Anterior nostril with a low rim, posterior nostril much larger and about an eye diameter before eye. Dorsal fin spines subequal, 2.2-2.4 times eye diameter, rays slightly longer. Pectoral fin about 2/3 length of snout shorter than head. Caudal fin truncate in juveniles, lobes produced in adults.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 10; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 13; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 24-25; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+6½.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Scarus capitaneus Cuvier and Valenciennes 1839
Callyodon capitaneus Jones and Kumaran 1965

Common Name (s)
• Nulandae
• Pachachandi
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep INDIA (Record: 1980)
• MAURITIUS (Record: 1980)
• SEYCHELLES (Record: 1980)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org

Page last updated on:2009-11-30

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