Cardisoma carnifex   (Herbst,  1796) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Gecarcinidae

Image copyrights: Hsi-Te Shih

Description
Size: Max length 12.0 cm CW (male)

Color: brown to brownish grey.

Carapace subovate, swollen, surface smooth; setose area on pterygostomial and subbranchial regions small, not extending to branchiostegal region. Third maxilliped with well-developed flagellum on exopod, entirely covered by setae. Adult males with one chela greatly enlarged. Merus of legs not distinctly lined with stiff setae.


Synonym (s)
Perigrapsus excelsus Heller, 1862
Cardisoma obesum Dana, 1851
Cancer urvillei H. Milne Edwards, 1853
Cancer carnifex Herbst, 1796

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Sandy

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• East Coast, Coromandel (Lat: 14) (Long: 80.17) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.46) (Long: 85.1) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.9) (Long: 85.58) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.41) (Long: 80.05) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.91) (Long: 80.31) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Roy, MKD and Das, AK (2000) Taxonomy, ecobiology and distribution pattern of the brachyuran crabs of mangrove ecosystem in the Andaman Islands Occasional paper no 185 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-211 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Sethuramalingam, S and Khan, SA Brachyuran crabs of Parangipettai coast Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (1998) Mangrove invertebrates view Zoos' Print Journal Zoo Outreach Organisation, Coimbatore 14(2) 27-29 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Simoes, N; Apel, M and David, AJ (2001) Intertidal habitats and decapod faunal assemblages (Crustacea: Decapoda) of Socotra Island, Republic of Yemen Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 449 81-97
  • Kensley, B (1981) On the Zoogeography of Southern Afrian Decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 338 23377 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Vannini, M and Valmori, P (1981) Researches on the coast of Somalia. The shore and the dune of Sar Uanle. 31. Ocypodidae and Gecarcinidae (Decapoda Brachyura) Monitore Zoologico Italiano Supplemento 14 (14) 199-226 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Soundarapandian,P; John Samuel,N; Ravichandran,S and Kannupandi,T (2008) Biodiversity of crabs in the Pichavaram Mangrove environment, South East Coast of India International Journal of Zoological Research CASMB, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu 4(2) 113-118 Available at - http://scialert.net/qredirect.php?doi=ijzr.2008.113.118&linkid=pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Deb, M and Rao, GC (1993) A check-list of the brachyuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda)of Bay islands Journal Of The Andaman Science Association Andaman Science association, Port Blair 8(1-2) 25-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Meiyappan, MM and Kathirvel, M (1978) On some new records of crabs and lobsters from Minicoy, Lakshadweep (Laccadives) Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 20(1-2) 116-119 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1488/1/Meiyappan_116-119.pdf
  • Sankarankutty, C (1962) On decapoda brachyura from the Andaman and Nicobar islands 3. Families: Calappidae. Leucosiidae, Parthenopidae, Maiidae, and Gecarcinidae Journal of the marine biological association of India. The marine biological association of India 4(1) 151-164 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2008) Brachyuran biodiversity of some selected brackishwater lakes of India Proceedings of Taal2007: The 12th World Lake Conference 496-499 Available at - wldb.ilec.or.jp/data/ilec/wlc12/C-%20Biodiversity/C-20.pdf
  • Shih, H-T Checklist of Taiwanese crabs Dept. Life Science, National Chung-Hsing University Available at - http://web.nchu.edu.tw/~htshih/SHIH_e.html
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi NC (2007) Brachyuran diversity in coastal ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 4(2) 169-192 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-11

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